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Flexible inclusion of dialogue about psychosocial aspects of life with type 1 diabetes in routine consultations: A study of a questionnaire-based dialogue tool to promote person-centred support

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AIMS: To explore (1) experiences among people with type 1 diabetes and diabetologists of using a questionnaire-based dialogue tool in routine consultations to identify and address psychosocial challenges and (2) experiences of person-centredness in this group compared with a group who did not use the tool.

METHODS: In all, 42 people with type 1 diabetes (mean age 54 years, mean diabetes duration 31 years and 60% women) were interviewed and completed an evaluation questionnaire following a routine consultation with the use of a dialogue tool including PAID-5, WHO-5 and open-ended questions. A comparison group of 42 people with type 1 diabetes attending routine consultations without the use of dialogue tools completed evaluation questionnaires. All consultations were audio recorded. Diabetologists were interviewed after completing all test consultations. Interviews were analysed using thematic text condensation. Evaluation questionnaires were analysed using descriptive statistics, chi square tests and Student's two-sided t-tests.

RESULTS: Most participants found questions in the dialogue tool relevant to discuss with the diabetologist, and two-thirds were satisfied with the time spent on that. Experiences of people with type 1 diabetes and diabetologists were related to three pathways: (1) the tool supported valuable conversations with the diabetologist, (2) conversations with the diabetologist were unchanged and (3) the tool derailed conversations. All participants reported high levels of person centredness; however, significantly more in the comparison group reported that the diabetologist made them feel at ease (80 vs. 55%) and discussed and planned specific changes with them (93 vs. 67%).

CONCLUSION: A questionnaire-based dialogue tool in consultations can support the discussion of psychosocial issues of people with type 1 diabetes. However, flexible and tailored use of the dialogue tool is crucial as consultations may otherwise be derailed.

TidsskriftDiabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)e14881
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2022

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