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FDG-PET/CT identified distant metastases and synchronous cancer in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: the impact of smoking and P16-s

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PURPOSE: Whole-body FDG-PET-CT is widely used at diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) but may identify suspicious lesions outside the neck that require investigation. This study evaluated the impact of smoking and P16-status on the incidence of malignant disease outside the head and neck region in newly diagnosed patients with SCCHN.

METHODS: All PET-positive foci outside the head-neck area were registered in 1069 patients planned for postoperative or curative intent radiotherapy with whole-body FDG-PET/CT from 2006 to 2012. All patient files were retrospectively investigated and clinical parameters, tobacco use, HPV (P16)-status and subsequent malignant disease registered.

RESULTS: Malignancy outside the neck was diagnosed in 9% of smokers, 2% of never-smokers, and 5% of patients with P16-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). Clinically suspicious PET-positive foci outside the head-neck were malignant in 55% of smokers, 34% of never-smokers, and in 38% of P16-pos OPSCC. All but two patients with cancer occurring outside the head and neck region were smokers.

CONCLUSION: Malignancy outside the neck at diagnosis was more frequent in smokers compared to non-smokers or P16-pos OPSCC. A high proportion of clinically suspicious PET-positive foci were non-malignant.

TidsskriftEuropean archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)521-526
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2022

ID: 66309771