Familial defective apolipoprotein B-100: detection in the United Kingdom and Scandinavia, and clinical characteristics of ten cases

A Tybjaerg-Hansen, J Gallagher, J Vincent, R Houlston, P Talmud, A M Dunning, M Seed, A Hamsten, S E Humphries, N B Myant

Abstract

Familial defective apolipoprotein B-100 (FDB) is a recently identified, dominantly inherited genetic disorder, which leads to increased serum concentration of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol with reduced affinity for the LDL receptor. This disorder is associated with a G to A mutation in exon 26 of the apolipoprotein B (apo B) gene which creates a substitution of glutamine for arginine in the codon for amino acid 3500. We have searched for this mutation in 374 unrelated individuals with hyperlipidaemia from the United Kingdom, and in 371 unrelated individuals with a primary clinical diagnosis of atherosclerosis from the United Kingdom and Scandinavia. Ten individuals, 9 from the U.K. and 1 from Denmark, were identified. The frequency of the mutation was 3% in individuals classified clinically as having familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) and 3% in individuals with type IIa hyperlipidaemia without FH, and was not found in patients with types IIb and III hyperlipidaemia. The mutation was rare in individuals with a primary clinical diagnosis of atherosclerosis. Plasma lipid levels and clinical characteristics of the ten patients identified in the present study are similar to those reported for heterozygous FH. Thus, in our study, FDB is associated with moderate to severe hypercholesterolaemia, and appears to be a serious disorder causing premature cardiovascular disease. Individuals with this mutation can be identified unambiguously using routine molecular screening techniques.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAtherosclerosis
Vol/bind80
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)235-42
Antal sider8
ISSN0021-9150
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 1990
Udgivet eksterntJa

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