Factors associated with reduced functional outcome and quality of life in patients having limb-sparing surgery for soft tissue sarcomas - a national multicenter study of 128 patients

Casper Saebye, Hanna M Fugloe, Tine Nymark, Akmal Safwat, Michael M Petersen, Thomas Baad-Hansen, Anders Krarup-Hansen, Johnny Keller

24 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Limb-sparing surgery for sarcomas has become possible in most cases. However, the impact of the procedure on the functional outcome has only been investigated in a few studies. The aim of this study has been to identify tumor- and patient-related factors associated with reduced functional outcome and quality of life after limb-sparing surgery in soft tissue sarcoma patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In total, 128 patients (mean age = 58, female/male = 54/74) who were treated with limb-sparing surgery without bone resection for soft tissue sarcomas in Denmark during the period 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2011 were included. Patients were asked to participate at least one year after surgery, and patients who had experienced local recurrence or metastatic disease were excluded. The Toronto Extremity Salvage Score (TESS) measured functional disability, while the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society Score (MSTS) measured functional impairment. European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 measured quality of life. Tumor- and patient-related factors (age, gender, tumor depth, tumor size, malignancy, comorbidity, location, and radiotherapy) were extracted from the Danish National Sarcoma Database. Wilcoxon rank-sum test and Kruskal-Wallis were used for univariable analysis. Adjusted odds ratios were estimated by using multiple logistic regression models.

RESULTS: In the multiple regression analysis, it was found that female gender (p = 0.03), lower extremity tumors (p < 0.01) and radiotherapy (p = 0.02) resulted in an increased risk of a lower TESS score. Initial reduced postoperative function was found to be associated with a lower functional outcome. Patients with reduced functional outcome have increased risk for reduced quality of life (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSION: The results of this study show that patient- and tumor-related factors have an important role in the functional outcome.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa oncologica
Vol/bind56
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)239-244
Antal sider6
ISSN0284-186X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 12 jan. 2017

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