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External quality assessment of noninvasive fetal RHD genotyping

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fetal RHD genotyping of cell-free maternal plasma DNA from RhD negative pregnant women can be used to guide targeted antenatal and postnatal anti-D prophylaxis for the prevention of RhD immunization. To assure the quality of clinical testing, we conducted an external quality assessment workshop with the participation of 31 laboratories.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aliquots of pooled maternal plasma from gestational week 25 were sent to each laboratory. One sample was fetal RHD positive, and a second sample was fetal RHD negative. A reporting scheme was supplied for data collection, including questions regarding the methodological setup, results and clinical recommendations. The samples were tested blindly.

RESULTS: Different methodological approaches were used; 29 laboratories used qPCR and two laboratories used ddPCR, employing a total of eight different combinations of RHD exon targets. Fetal RHD genotyping was performed with no false-negative and no false-positive results. One inconclusive result was reported for the RHD positive sample. All clinical conclusions were satisfactory.

CONCLUSION: This external quality assessment workshop demonstrates that despite the different approaches taken to perform the clinical assays, fetal RHD genotyping is a reliable laboratory assay to guide targeted use of Rh prophylaxis in a clinical setting.

TidsskriftVox Sanguinis
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)466-471
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2020

Bibliografisk note

© 2020 International Society of Blood Transfusion.

ID: 61695612