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Expression of presynaptic markers in a neurodevelopmental animal model with relevance to schizophrenia

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Administration of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist phencyclidine (PCP) to rat pups at postnatal day (PND) 7, 9, and 11 [neonatal PCP (neoPCP) model] induces cognitive deficits similar to those observed in schizophrenia. Expression of presynaptic SNARE protein, synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (Snap25), has been shown to be downregulated in postmortem brains from patients with schizophrenia. The present study was designed to investigate the long-term effects of neoPCP administration on expression of presynaptic markers altered in schizophrenia. Using radioactive in-situ hybridization, the expression of Snap25 was measured in the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampal formation (CA1, CA3, CA4, and dentate gyrus) at PND 29 and 80 in neoPCP and control rats. As a secondary presynaptic marker, the expressional level of synaptophysin was also measured in the same areas. Stereological estimation of the number of neurons and volume was used to exclude potential bias in cell numbers. A significant reduction in the expression of Snap25 in the hippocampal CA4 region was observed in adult neoPCP rats (PND 80, P
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNeuroReport
Vol/bind24
Udgave nummer16
Sider (fra-til)928-33
Antal sider6
ISSN0959-4965
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 13 nov. 2013

ID: 42330386