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Exposure to passive smoking during adolescence is associated with an increased risk of developing multiple sclerosis

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@article{a191d419344d4e5690e46b084d9651af,
title = "Exposure to passive smoking during adolescence is associated with an increased risk of developing multiple sclerosis",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Environmental factors are associated with acquiring multiple sclerosis (MS) particularly in adolescence.OBJECTIVE: To test for association between MS and exposure to passive smoking at the age of 10-19.METHODS: A total of 919 patients from the Danish MS Registry and Biobank and 3419 healthy blood donors who had not smoked before the age of 19 were targeted. We analyzed separately for each sex and for those never-smokers (cohort 1) and active smokers above the age of 19 (cohort 2). All participants completed standardized questionnaires about smoking and lifestyle. We matched cases and controls in the ratio of 1:2 by propensity scores discarding unmatchable individuals and used logistic regression adjusted for all covariates and interactions.RESULTS: After matching, we included 110/213 male cases/controls and 232/377 female case/controls in cohort 1. In cohort 2, the numbers were 160/320 and 417/760, respectively. Among women in cohort 1, the odds ratio (OR) for MS by passive smoking at the age of 10-19 was 1.432 (p = 0.037) but in men it was 1.232 (p = 0.39). Among men in cohort 2, OR was 1.593 (p = 0.022) but among women it was only 1.102 (p = 0.44).CONCLUSION: Among never smokers, female MS cases were more often than female controls reported with passive smoking between the age of 10 and 19, and among smokers above the age of 19, male MS patients were more often than male controls reported with passive smoking.",
keywords = "Multiple sclerosis, adolescence, blood donors, environmental risk factor, epidemiology, passive smoking, Humans, Risk Factors, Male, Smoking/adverse effects, Tobacco Smoke Pollution/adverse effects, Case-Control Studies, Adolescent, Female, Multiple Sclerosis/epidemiology",
author = "Oturai, {Ditte Bang} and {Bach S{\o}ndergaard}, Helle and Nils Koch-Henriksen and Christina Andersen and Laursen, {Julie Hejgaard} and Stefan Gustavsen and Kristensen, {Joachim Tilsted} and Melinda Magyari and S{\o}rensen, {Per Soelberg} and Finn Sellebjerg and Th{\o}rner, {Lise Wegner} and Henrik Ullum and Oturai, {Annette Bang}",
year = "2021",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1177/1352458520912500",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "188--197",
journal = "Multiple Sclerosis Journal",
issn = "1352-4585",
publisher = "Sage Science Press (UK)",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exposure to passive smoking during adolescence is associated with an increased risk of developing multiple sclerosis

AU - Oturai, Ditte Bang

AU - Bach Søndergaard, Helle

AU - Koch-Henriksen, Nils

AU - Andersen, Christina

AU - Laursen, Julie Hejgaard

AU - Gustavsen, Stefan

AU - Kristensen, Joachim Tilsted

AU - Magyari, Melinda

AU - Sørensen, Per Soelberg

AU - Sellebjerg, Finn

AU - Thørner, Lise Wegner

AU - Ullum, Henrik

AU - Oturai, Annette Bang

PY - 2021/2

Y1 - 2021/2

N2 - BACKGROUND: Environmental factors are associated with acquiring multiple sclerosis (MS) particularly in adolescence.OBJECTIVE: To test for association between MS and exposure to passive smoking at the age of 10-19.METHODS: A total of 919 patients from the Danish MS Registry and Biobank and 3419 healthy blood donors who had not smoked before the age of 19 were targeted. We analyzed separately for each sex and for those never-smokers (cohort 1) and active smokers above the age of 19 (cohort 2). All participants completed standardized questionnaires about smoking and lifestyle. We matched cases and controls in the ratio of 1:2 by propensity scores discarding unmatchable individuals and used logistic regression adjusted for all covariates and interactions.RESULTS: After matching, we included 110/213 male cases/controls and 232/377 female case/controls in cohort 1. In cohort 2, the numbers were 160/320 and 417/760, respectively. Among women in cohort 1, the odds ratio (OR) for MS by passive smoking at the age of 10-19 was 1.432 (p = 0.037) but in men it was 1.232 (p = 0.39). Among men in cohort 2, OR was 1.593 (p = 0.022) but among women it was only 1.102 (p = 0.44).CONCLUSION: Among never smokers, female MS cases were more often than female controls reported with passive smoking between the age of 10 and 19, and among smokers above the age of 19, male MS patients were more often than male controls reported with passive smoking.

AB - BACKGROUND: Environmental factors are associated with acquiring multiple sclerosis (MS) particularly in adolescence.OBJECTIVE: To test for association between MS and exposure to passive smoking at the age of 10-19.METHODS: A total of 919 patients from the Danish MS Registry and Biobank and 3419 healthy blood donors who had not smoked before the age of 19 were targeted. We analyzed separately for each sex and for those never-smokers (cohort 1) and active smokers above the age of 19 (cohort 2). All participants completed standardized questionnaires about smoking and lifestyle. We matched cases and controls in the ratio of 1:2 by propensity scores discarding unmatchable individuals and used logistic regression adjusted for all covariates and interactions.RESULTS: After matching, we included 110/213 male cases/controls and 232/377 female case/controls in cohort 1. In cohort 2, the numbers were 160/320 and 417/760, respectively. Among women in cohort 1, the odds ratio (OR) for MS by passive smoking at the age of 10-19 was 1.432 (p = 0.037) but in men it was 1.232 (p = 0.39). Among men in cohort 2, OR was 1.593 (p = 0.022) but among women it was only 1.102 (p = 0.44).CONCLUSION: Among never smokers, female MS cases were more often than female controls reported with passive smoking between the age of 10 and 19, and among smokers above the age of 19, male MS patients were more often than male controls reported with passive smoking.

KW - Multiple sclerosis

KW - adolescence

KW - blood donors

KW - environmental risk factor

KW - epidemiology

KW - passive smoking

KW - Humans

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Male

KW - Smoking/adverse effects

KW - Tobacco Smoke Pollution/adverse effects

KW - Case-Control Studies

KW - Adolescent

KW - Female

KW - Multiple Sclerosis/epidemiology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85083209457&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1352458520912500

DO - 10.1177/1352458520912500

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32202196

VL - 27

SP - 188

EP - 197

JO - Multiple Sclerosis Journal

JF - Multiple Sclerosis Journal

SN - 1352-4585

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 61696552