Inborn hemolytic anemia requiring frequent blood transfusions can be a life-threatening disease. Treatment, besides blood transfusion, includes iron chelation for prevention of iron accumulation due to frequent blood transfusions. We present the results of a clinical investigation where the proband was diagnosed with severe hemolytic anemia of unknown origin soon after birth. Transfusion was required every 4-6 weeks. After whole exome sequencing of the proband and his parents as well as a healthy sibling, we established that the proband had a compound heterozygous state carrying two rare variants in the erythrocytic spectrin gene, SPTA1. The maternal allele was a stop mutation (rs755630903) and the paternal allele was a missense mutation (rs375506528). The healthy sibling had the paternal variant but not the maternal variant. These rare variants of SPTA1 most likely account for the hemolytic anemia. A severely reduced osmotic resistance in the erythrocytes from the proband was demonstrated. Splenectomy considerably improved the hemolytic anemia and obviated the need for blood transfusion despite the severe clinical presentation.
|Tidsskrift||Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy (Print Edition)|
|Status||Udgivet - sep. 2022|