Exercise-related hypoglycaemia induces QTc-interval prolongation in individuals with type 1 diabetes

Per G Hagelqvist, Andreas Andersen, Kaisar B Maytham, Christine R Andreasen, Susanne Engberg, Tommi B Lindhardt, Jens Faber, Jens J Holst, Julie L Forman, Ulrik Pedersen-Bjergaard, Filip K Knop, Tina Vilsbøll*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
1 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

AIMS: To investigate changes in cardiac repolarisation during exercise-related hypoglycaemia compared to hypoglycaemia induced at rest in people with type 1 diabetes.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a randomised crossover study, 15 men with type 1 diabetes underwent two separate hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic-hypoglycaemic clamp experiments during Holter-ECG monitoring. One experiment included a bout of moderate-intensity cycling exercise (60 min) along with declining plasma glucose (PG; Clamp-exercise). In the other experiment, hypoglycaemia was induced with the participants at rest (Clamp-rest). We studied QTc interval, T-peak to T-end (Tpe) interval and hormonal responses during three steady-state phases: (i) baseline (PG 4.0-8.0 mmol/L); (ii) hypoglycaemic phase (PG <3.0 mmol/L); and (iii) recovery phase (PG 4.0-8.0 mmol/L).

RESULTS: Both QTc interval and Tpe interval increased significantly from baseline during the hypoglycaemic phase but with no significant difference between test days. These changes were accompanied by an increase in plasma adrenaline and a decrease in plasma potassium on both days. During the recovery phase, ΔQTc interval was longer during Clamp-rest compared to Clamp-exercise, whereas ΔTpe interval remained similar on the two test days.

CONCLUSIONS: We found that both exercise-related hypoglycaemia and hypoglycaemia induced at rest can cause QTc-interval prolongation and Tpe-interval prolongation in people with type 1 diabetes. Thus, both scenarios may increase susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmias.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Vol/bind25
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)1186-1195
Antal sider10
ISSN1462-8902
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2023

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