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Exercise Intolerance and Myoglobinuria Associated with a Novel Maternally Inherited MT-ND1 Mutation

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@article{bf285dcbaa1f4d9c8d82ec4270e1f9fa,
title = "Exercise Intolerance and Myoglobinuria Associated with a Novel Maternally Inherited MT-ND1 Mutation",
abstract = "The most common clinical phenotype caused by a mtDNA mutation in complex I of the mitochondrial respiratory chain is Leber hereditary optic neuropathy. We report a family with a novel maternally inherited homoplasmic mtDNA m.4087A>G mutation in the ND1 gene (MT-ND1) associated with isolated myopathy, recurrent episodes of myoglobinuria, and rhabdomyolysis. DNA from blood in seven family members and muscle from four family members were PCR amplified and sequenced directly and assessed for the m.4087A>G variation in MT-ND1. Mitochondrial enzyme activity in all muscle biopsies was measured. PCR and direct sequencing of the MT-ND1 genes from blood showed that all seven family members were homoplasmic for the m.4087A>G mutation (NC_012920.1:c.781A>G). The mutation predicts a threonine to alanine substitution at position 261 (p.T261A). The same mutation was found in muscle of all four family members available for muscle biopsy, and biochemical analyses revealed an isolated complex I defect in muscle of all family members (range 22-52{\%} of normal). Muscle morphology showed severe myopathic changes with internal nuclei in multiple fibers of all family members. Monosymptomatic myopathy with recurrent myoglobinuria is a rare phenotype of mitochondrial myopathies. We report this phenotype in a family affected by a novel homoplasmic mutation in MT-ND1. It is the first time such a phenotype has been associated with complex I gene mutations and a homoplasmic mutation of mtDNA.",
author = "Jabin Rafiq and Morten Duno and Elsebet {\O}stergaard and Kirstine Ravn and Vissing, {Christoffer R} and Flemming Wibrand and John Vissing",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1007/8904_2015_459",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "65--70",
journal = "JIMD Reports",
issn = "2192-8304",
publisher = "Springer Berlin",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exercise Intolerance and Myoglobinuria Associated with a Novel Maternally Inherited MT-ND1 Mutation

AU - Rafiq, Jabin

AU - Duno, Morten

AU - Østergaard, Elsebet

AU - Ravn, Kirstine

AU - Vissing, Christoffer R

AU - Wibrand, Flemming

AU - Vissing, John

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The most common clinical phenotype caused by a mtDNA mutation in complex I of the mitochondrial respiratory chain is Leber hereditary optic neuropathy. We report a family with a novel maternally inherited homoplasmic mtDNA m.4087A>G mutation in the ND1 gene (MT-ND1) associated with isolated myopathy, recurrent episodes of myoglobinuria, and rhabdomyolysis. DNA from blood in seven family members and muscle from four family members were PCR amplified and sequenced directly and assessed for the m.4087A>G variation in MT-ND1. Mitochondrial enzyme activity in all muscle biopsies was measured. PCR and direct sequencing of the MT-ND1 genes from blood showed that all seven family members were homoplasmic for the m.4087A>G mutation (NC_012920.1:c.781A>G). The mutation predicts a threonine to alanine substitution at position 261 (p.T261A). The same mutation was found in muscle of all four family members available for muscle biopsy, and biochemical analyses revealed an isolated complex I defect in muscle of all family members (range 22-52% of normal). Muscle morphology showed severe myopathic changes with internal nuclei in multiple fibers of all family members. Monosymptomatic myopathy with recurrent myoglobinuria is a rare phenotype of mitochondrial myopathies. We report this phenotype in a family affected by a novel homoplasmic mutation in MT-ND1. It is the first time such a phenotype has been associated with complex I gene mutations and a homoplasmic mutation of mtDNA.

AB - The most common clinical phenotype caused by a mtDNA mutation in complex I of the mitochondrial respiratory chain is Leber hereditary optic neuropathy. We report a family with a novel maternally inherited homoplasmic mtDNA m.4087A>G mutation in the ND1 gene (MT-ND1) associated with isolated myopathy, recurrent episodes of myoglobinuria, and rhabdomyolysis. DNA from blood in seven family members and muscle from four family members were PCR amplified and sequenced directly and assessed for the m.4087A>G variation in MT-ND1. Mitochondrial enzyme activity in all muscle biopsies was measured. PCR and direct sequencing of the MT-ND1 genes from blood showed that all seven family members were homoplasmic for the m.4087A>G mutation (NC_012920.1:c.781A>G). The mutation predicts a threonine to alanine substitution at position 261 (p.T261A). The same mutation was found in muscle of all four family members available for muscle biopsy, and biochemical analyses revealed an isolated complex I defect in muscle of all family members (range 22-52% of normal). Muscle morphology showed severe myopathic changes with internal nuclei in multiple fibers of all family members. Monosymptomatic myopathy with recurrent myoglobinuria is a rare phenotype of mitochondrial myopathies. We report this phenotype in a family affected by a novel homoplasmic mutation in MT-ND1. It is the first time such a phenotype has been associated with complex I gene mutations and a homoplasmic mutation of mtDNA.

U2 - 10.1007/8904_2015_459

DO - 10.1007/8904_2015_459

M3 - Journal article

VL - 25

SP - 65

EP - 70

JO - JIMD Reports

JF - JIMD Reports

SN - 2192-8304

ER -

ID: 45807123