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Excellent long-term results with iliac stenting in local anesthesia for post-thrombotic syndrome

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BACKGROUND: Only 20% of iliac veins will recanalize on anticoagulation (AC) treatment alone and may, therefore, develop venous obstruction after iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT). A considerable number of these patients will suffer from post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) leading to impaired quality of life in more than 50%. Endovascular treatment for iliac vein obstruction using stents is known to alleviate PTS symptoms in selected patients.

PURPOSE: To report the Danish long-term results of endovascular treatment with iliac stenting.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 2000 to 2013 consecutive patients were evaluated and 19 patients with severe venous claudication were identified and subsequently underwent angioplasty and stenting. AC treatment was prescribed for 6 months, and knee-high class II compression stocking recommended for 1 year. Scheduled follow-up was done in the outpatient clinic at 6 weeks, 3 months, and annually thereafter.

RESULTS: Nineteen patients, all women, all with left-sided iliac vein obstruction, and all with severe PTS symptoms were included. The median follow-up time was 81 months (range, 1-146 months; mean, 69 months). Primary patency rate of the inserted iliac stent was 89% (17/19) and 16 patients (84 %) had almost or total symptom relief at follow-up.

CONCLUSION: Endovascular stenting of iliac obstruction in local anesthesia is minimally invasive and shows excellent long-term outcomes for patients suffering from PTS.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Radiologica Open
Vol/bind4
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)2058460115592164
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2015

ID: 46290552