Evolution of P-wave indices during long-term follow-up as markers of atrial substrate progression in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy

Maria A Baturova, Anneli Svensson, Meriam Åström Aneq, Jesper H Svendsen, Niels Risum, Valeriia Sherina, Henning Bundgaard, Carl Meurling, Catarina Lundin, Jonas Carlson, Pyotr G Platonov

Abstrakt

AIMS: Patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) have increased prevalence of atrial arrhythmias indicating atrial involvement in the disease. We aimed to assess the long-term evolution of P-wave indices as electrocardiographic (ECG) markers of atrial substrate during ARVC progression.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 100 patients with a definite ARVC diagnosis according to 2010 Task Force criteria [34% females, median age 41 (inter-quartile range 30-55) years]. All available sinus rhythm ECGs (n = 1504) were extracted from the regional electronic ECG databases and automatically processed using Glasgow algorithm. P-wave duration, P-wave area, P-wave frontal axis, and prevalence of abnormal P terminal force in lead V1 (aPTF-V1) were assessed and compared at ARVC diagnosis, 10 years before and up to 15 years after diagnosis.Prior to ARVC diagnosis, none of the P-wave indices differed significantly from the data at ARVC diagnosis. After ascertainment of ARVC diagnosis, P-wave area in lead V1 decreased from -1 to -30 µV ms at 5 years (P = 0.002). P-wave area in lead V2 decreased from 82 µV ms at ARVC diagnosis to 42 µV ms 10 years after ARVC diagnosis (P = 0.006). The prevalence of aPTF-V1 increased from 5% at ARVC diagnosis to 18% by the 15th year of follow-up (P = 0.004). P-wave duration and frontal axis did not change during disease progression.

CONCLUSION: Initial ARVC progression was associated with P-wave flattening in right precordial leads and in later disease stages an increased prevalence of aPTF-V1 was seen.

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