Evaluation of thin-slice abdominal DECT using deep-learning image reconstruction in 74 keV virtual monoenergetic images: an image quality comparison

Jack J Xu*, Lars Lönn, Esben Budtz-Jørgensen, Samir Jawad, Peter S Ulriksen, Kristoffer L Hansen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
4 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare noise, contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and image quality using deep-learning image reconstruction (DLIR) vs. adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR-V) in 0.625 and 2.5 mm slice thickness gray scale 74 keV virtual monoenergetic (VM) abdominal dual-energy CT (DECT).

METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board and regional ethics committee. We analysed 30 portal-venous phase abdominal fast kV-switching DECT (80/140kVp) scans. Data were reconstructed to ASIR-V 60% and DLIR-High at 74 keV in 0.625 and 2.5 mm slice thickness. Quantitative HU and noise assessment were measured within liver, aorta, adipose tissue and muscle. Two board-certified radiologists evaluated image noise, sharpness, texture and overall quality based on a five-point Likert scale.

RESULTS: DLIR significantly reduced image noise and increased CNR as well as SNR compared to ASIR-V, when slice thickness was maintained (p < 0.001). Slightly higher noise of 5.5-16.2% was measured (p < 0.01) in liver, aorta and muscle tissue at 0.625 mm DLIR compared to 2.5 mm ASIR-V, while noise in adipose tissue was 4.3% lower with 0.625 mm DLIR compared to 2.5 mm ASIR-V (p = 0.08). Qualitative assessments demonstrated significantly improved image quality for DLIR particularly in 0.625 mm images.

CONCLUSIONS: DLIR significantly reduced image noise, increased CNR and SNR and improved image quality in 0.625 mm slice images, when compared to ASIR-V. DLIR may facilitate thinner image slice reconstructions for routine contrast-enhanced abdominal DECT.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAbdominal radiology (New York)
Vol/bind48
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)1536-1544
Antal sider9
ISSN2366-004X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2023

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