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ESC working group on e-cardiology position paper: use of commercially available wearable technology for heart rate and activity tracking in primary and secondary cardiovascular prevention—in collaboration with the European Heart Rhythm Association, European Association of Preventive Cardiology, Association of Cardiovascular Nursing and Allied Professionals, Patient Forum, and the Digital Health Committee

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  • Magnus Thorsten Jensen
  • Roderick W. Treskes
  • Enrico G. Caiani
  • Ruben Casado-Arroyo
  • Martin R. Cowie
  • Polychronis Dilaveris
  • David Duncker
  • Marco Di Rienzo
  • Ines Frederix
  • Natasja De Groot
  • Philippe H. Kolh
  • Hareld Kemps
  • Mamas Mamas
  • Paul McGreavy
  • Lis Neubeck
  • Gianfranco Parati
  • Pyotr G. Platonov
  • Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss
  • Mark J. Schuuring
  • Iana Simova
  • Emma Svennberg
  • Axel Verstrael
  • Joost Lumens
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Commercially available health technologies such as smartphones and smartwatches, activity trackers and eHealth applications, commonly referred to as wearables, are increasingly available and used both in the leisure and healthcare sector for pulse and fitness/activity tracking. The aim of the Position Paper is to identify specific barriers and knowledge gaps for the use of wearables, in particular for heart rate (HR) and activity tracking, in clinical cardiovascular healthcare to support their implementation into clinical care. The widespread use of HR and fitness tracking technologies provides unparalleled opportunities for capturing physiological information from large populations in the community, which has previously only been available in patient populations in the setting of healthcare provision. The availability of low-cost and high-volume physiological data from the community also provides unique challenges. While the number of patients meeting healthcare providers with data from wearables is rapidly growing, there are at present no clinical guidelines on how and when to use data from wearables in primary and secondary prevention. Technical aspects of HR tracking especially during activity need to be further validated. How to analyse, translate, and interpret large datasets of information into clinically applicable recommendations needs further consideration. While the current users of wearable technologies tend to be young, healthy and in the higher sociodemographic strata, wearables could potentially have a greater utility in the elderly and higher-risk population. Wearables may also provide a benefit through increased health awareness, democratization of health data and patient engagement. Use of continuous monitoring may provide opportunities for detection of risk factors and disease development earlier in the causal pathway, which may provide novel applications in both prevention and clinical research. However, wearables may also have potential adverse consequences due to unintended modification of behaviour, uncertain use and interpretation of large physiological data, a possible increase in social inequality due to differential access and technological literacy, challenges with regulatory bodies and privacy issues. In the present position paper, current applications as well as specific barriers and gaps in knowledge are identified and discussed in order to support the implementation of wearable technologies from gadget-ology into clinical cardiology.
TidsskriftEuropean Heart Journal
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)1-11
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2021

ID: 72960537