Erythema nodosum and the risk of tuberculosis in a high incidence setting

Karen Bjorn-Mortensen, Karin Ladefoged, Jacob Simonsen, Sascha W Michelsen, Hans Christian F Sørensen, Anders Koch, Troels Lillebaek, Aase Bengaard Andersen, Bolette Soborg

17 Citationer (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: This study estimates the erythema nodosum (EN) incidence in a tuberculosis (TB) endemic setting and evaluates the likelihood of a subsequent TB diagnosis among individuals with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (MTI) with or without EN.

DESIGN: We estimated EN incidence rates (IRs) in East Greenland in 2010-2011 and conducted a cohort study following all individuals who tested positive for MTI from 1 January 2010 until 31 December 2012. A personal identifier allowed individual follow-up in the mandatory TB register. MTI was defined by a positive interferon-gamma release assay. TB incidence rate ratios (IRRs) among participants with or without EN were estimated with the Cox proportional hazard model.

RESULTS: We identified 38 EN cases corresponding to an IR of 500/100,000 inhabitants/year. All cases were among individuals with MTI. The EN IR was 11.79 (95% CI 5.73-24.27) times higher for BCG-unvaccinated compared with BCG-vaccinated individuals. The TB IRR was 25 (95% CI 11-60) within 1 month of EN compared to individuals without EN.

CONCLUSION: This study documents a high EN incidence in a TB endemic region. EN occurred only in individuals with MTI, and predominantly among BCG-unvaccinated individuals. EN was significantly associated with a TB diagnosis within 1 month of diagnosis.

TidsskriftInternational Journal of Circumpolar Health
Sider (fra-til)32666
StatusUdgivet - 2016


Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Erythema nodosum and the risk of tuberculosis in a high incidence setting'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.