Equipment developed for simplifying routine phototesting in dermatology


Some people react abnormally when exposed to sunlight by getting easily burned or develop a rash. When testing a patient's level of photosensitivity in the clinic, the UVR dose to provoke erythema is determined by the minimal erythema dose (MED) test. Subsequently, a photoprovocation test is performed to detect abnormal skin reactions by daily exposing the skin to UVR for several consecutive days. Associated problems in MED testing include choice of an even skin area for testing, patients keeping still during the test, testing with different UVR doses simultaneously, and securing clear borders of erythema. To address these issues, a MED Test Patch was developed which adheres closely to the skin to ensure sharp erythema borders and provides six irradiation fields with decremental doses of 20%. For MED testing, we constructed a solar simulator and LED lamps with peak emissions at 309 and 370 nm, small enough to be mounted directly on to the MED Test Patch and accommodate patient movements. These lamps and a 415 nm LED can also be used for provocation testing which is best performed on the back where the skin is assumed to have identical UVR sensitivity, and the area is large enough for adjacent MED and provocation test fields. Reading of erythema is still performed by visual and tactile evaluation. The UVA and UVB MED test can be performed in 1 h. The advantage of these developments is an easy-to-use, standardized test method with improved accuracy of the results.

TidsskriftPhotochemical & photobiological sciences : Official journal of the European Photochemistry Association and the European Society for Photobiology
Udgave nummer12
Sider (fra-til)2907-2917
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2023


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