Endogenous and natural complement inhibitor attenuates myocardial injury and arterial thrombogenesis

Vasile I Pavlov, Mikkel-Ole Skjoedt, Ying Siow Tan, Anne Rosbjerg, Peter Garred, Gregory L Stahl

62 Citationer (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Coagulation disorders and reperfusion of ischemic myocardium are major causes of morbidity and mortality. Lectin pathway initiation complexes are composed of multimolecular carbohydrate recognition subcomponents and 3 lectin pathway-specific serine proteases. We have recently shown that the lectin pathway-specific carbohydrate recognition subcomponent mannose-binding lectin plays an essential role in the pathophysiology of thrombosis and ischemia/reperfusion injury. Thus, we hypothesized that the endogenous mannose-binding lectin (MBL)/ficolin-associated protein-1 (MAP-1) that inhibits complement activation in vitro also could be an in vivo regulator by attenuating myocardial schema/reperfusion injury and thrombogenesis when used at pharmacological doses in wild-type mice.

METHODS AND RESULTS: In 2 mouse models, MAP-1 preserves cardiac function, decreases infarct size, decreases C3 deposition, inhibits MBL deposition, and prevents thrombogenesis. Furthermore, we demonstrate that MAP-1 displaces MBL/ficolin-associated serine protease (MASP)-1, MASP-2, and MASP-3 from the MBL complex.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the natural, endogenous inhibitor MAP-1 effectively inhibits lectin pathway activation in vivo. MAP-1 at pharmacological doses represents a novel therapeutic approach for human diseases involving the lectin pathway and its associated MASPs.

TidsskriftCirculation (Baltimore)
Udgave nummer18
Sider (fra-til)2227-35
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - 30 okt. 2012


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