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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
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Emergence of Aspergillus fumigatus azole-resistance in azole-naïve COPD patients and their homes

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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  • Camille Dauchy
  • Nathalie Bautin
  • Saad Nseir
  • Gabriel Reboux
  • René Wintjens
  • Olivier Le Rouzic
  • Boualem Sendid
  • Eric Viscogliosi
  • Patrice Le Pape
  • Maiken Cavling Arendrup
  • Philippe Gosset
  • Stéphanie Fry
  • Emilie Fréalle
Vis graf over relationer

Azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus (ARAF) has been reported in COPD patients, but has not been specifically assessed so far. Here, we evaluated ARAF prevalence in azole-naïve COPD patients and their homes, and assessed whether CYP51A mutations were similar in clinical and environmental reservoirs. Sixty respiratory samples from 41 COPD patients with acute exacerbation, and environmental samples from 36 of these patient's homes were prospectively collected. A. fumigatus was detected in respiratory samples from 11/41 patients (27%) and in 15/36 domiciles (42%). Cyp51A sequencing and selection on itraconazole-medium of clinical (n=68) and environmental (n=48) isolates yielded ARAF detection in 1/11 A. fumigatus colonized COPD patients (9%) and 2/15 A. fumigatus positive patient's homes (13%). The clinical isolate had no CYP51A mutation. Two environmental isolates from two patients harbored TR34 /L98H mutation, and one had an H285Y mutation. Coexistence of different cyp51A genotypes and/or azole-resistance profiles was detected in 3/8 respiratory and 2/10 environmental samples with more than one isolate, confirming the need for a systematic screening of all clinically relevant isolates. The high prevalence of ARAF in COPD patients and their homes supports the need for further studies to assess the prevalence of azole-resistance in patients with Aspergillus diseases in our region. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftIndoor Air
Sider (fra-til)ftw053
ISSN0905-6947
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 30 okt. 2016

ID: 51958110