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Elevated plasma lactate levels via exogenous lactate infusion do not alter resistance exercise-induced signaling or protein synthesis in human skeletal muscle

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  • Rasmus Liegnell
  • William Apró
  • Sebastian Danielsson
  • Björn Ekblom
  • Gerrit van Hall
  • Hans-Christer Holmberg
  • Marcus Moberg
Vis graf over relationer

Lactate has been implicated as a potential signaling molecule. In myotubes, lactate incubation increases mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1)- and ERK-signaling and induces hypertrophy, indicating that lactate could be a mediator of muscle adaptations to resistance exercise. However, the potential signaling properties of lactate, at rest or with exercise, have not been explored in human tissue. In a crossover design study, 8 men and 8 women performed one-legged resistance exercise while receiving venous infusion of saline or sodium lactate. Blood was sampled repeatedly, and muscle biopsies were collected at rest and at 0, 90, and 180 min and 24 h after exercise. The primary outcomes examined were intracellular signaling, fractional protein synthesis rate (FSR), and blood/muscle levels of lactate and pH. Postexercise blood lactate concentrations were 130% higher in the Lactate trial (3.0 vs. 7.0 mmol/L, P < 0.001), whereas muscle levels were only marginally higher (27 vs. 32 mmol/kg dry wt, P = 0.003) compared with the Saline trial. Postexercise blood pH was higher in the Lactate trial (7.34 vs. 7.44, P < 0.001), with no differences in intramuscular pH. Exercise increased the phosphorylation of mTORS2448 (∼40%), S6K1T389 (∼3-fold), and p44T202/T204 (∼80%) during recovery, without any differences between trials. FSR over the 24-h recovery period did not differ between the Saline (0.067%/h) and Lactate (0.062%/h) trials. This study does not support the hypothesis that blood lactate levels can modulate anabolic signaling in contracted human muscle. Further in vivo research investigating the impact of exercised versus rested muscle and the role of intramuscular lactate is needed to elucidate its potential signaling properties.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism
Vol/bind319
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)E792-E804
ISSN0193-1849
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 okt. 2020

ID: 61253407