Electrical impedance measured changes in thoracic fluid content during thoracentesis

J R Petersen, B V Jensen, H Drabaek, K Viskum, J Mehlsen

25 Citationer (Scopus)


In patients (seven females and 11 males) with pleural effusion due to pulmonary (n = 13) or cardiac disease (n = 5) the change in baseline transthoracic impedance (Z0) was measured by electrical impedance (BoMed's NCCOM-3, 70 kHz) during thoracentesis. Data were obtained before and after withdrawal of each 500 ml, and at the end of the thoracentesis. We found a close linear correlation (r = 0.97) between changes in Z0 and the volume of aspirated pleural effusion (y = 0.415.x+0.093). The variability of the estimated thoracic fluid volumes was analysed with a plot of the residuals from the regression line, and we found that changes in thoracic fluid volume estimated by impedance technique would be within +/- 302 ml (= 2 SD). However, the absolute value of Z0 before thoracentesis could not differentiate the group of patients with pleural effusion from normal subjects (n = 28).
TidsskriftClinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)459-66
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 1 jul. 1994


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