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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
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Efficacy of laser treatment for onychomycotic nails: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective clinical trials

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Laser therapy for onychomycosis is emerging but its efficacy remains unestablished. To examine current evidence on efficacy of laser treatment of onychomycosis. A systematic review and one-arm meta-analysis, including all prospective clinical trials, identified on PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE databases. Trials with participants as unit of analysis (UOA), n = 13, were analyzed separately from trials with nails as UOA, n = 7. Summary proportions and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. Outcomes were mycological cure, clinical improvement, or complete cure. Twenty-two prospective trials (four randomized controlled trials and 18 uncontrolled trials) with a total of 755 participants were analyzed. Summary proportions with 95% CI for participants as UOA were mycological cure 70.4%, 95% CI 52.2-83.8%; clinical improvement 67.2%, 95% CI 43.2-84.7%; and complete cure 7.2%, 95% CI 1.9-23.5%. High statistical heterogeneity was detected (mycological cure I2 = 88%, P < 0.01; clinical improvement I2 = 69%, P < 0.01; complete cure I2 = 60%, P = 0.11). The current level of evidence is limited and with high heterogeneity, making it difficult to assess the true efficacy of laser treatment for onychomycosis. Larger randomized controlled trials with well-defined methodology are warranted.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftLasers in Medical Science
Vol/bind34
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)1513-1525
Antal sider13
ISSN0268-8921
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2019

ID: 59084727