Efficacy and Safety of Pertuzumab and Trastuzumab Administered in a Single Infusion Bag, Followed by Vinorelbine: VELVET Cohort 2 Final Results

Michael Andersson, José M López-Vega, Thierry Petit, Claudio Zamagni, Valerie Easton, Julia Kamber, Eleonora Restuccia, Edith A Perez

    28 Citationer (Scopus)

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: VELVET Cohort 1 demonstrated the applicability of pertuzumab, trastuzumab, and vinorelbine as an alternative first-line treatment regimen for patients with HER2-positive locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC) who cannot receive docetaxel. Co-infusion of pertuzumab and trastuzumab may reduce clinic time and medical resource utilization. We report results from Cohort 2, in which pertuzumab and trastuzumab were co-infused, followed by vinorelbine.

    PATIENTS AND METHODS: During cycle 1, patients with HER2-positive locally advanced or MBC received loading doses of pertuzumab (840 mg) and trastuzumab (8 mg/kg) on consecutive days, followed by vinorelbine (25 mg/m(2)) on days two and nine. From cycle 2 onwards, patients received a co-infusion of pertuzumab (420 mg) and trastuzumab (6 mg/kg) on day one, followed by vinorelbine (30-35 mg/m(2)) on days one and eight (or days two and nine). The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) in patients with measurable disease. Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and safety.

    RESULTS: Cohort 2 enrolled 107 patients. The ORR was 63.7% (95% confidence interval [CI] 53.0-73.6) in patients with measurable disease (91/107; 85.0%). Median PFS was 11.5 months (95% CI 10.3-15.8). The most common adverse events [AEs] were diarrhea (57.9%), neutropenia (57.0%), and nausea (41.1%). Grade ≥3 AEs occurred in 85 patients (79.4%) and serious AEs in 44 patients (41.1%). Eighteen patients (16.8%) had AEs suggestive of congestive heart failure.

    CONCLUSION: These results support the feasibility of pertuzumab and trastuzumab co-infusion from a safety perspective and support Cohort 1 conclusions that vinorelbine offers an alternative chemotherapy companion for pertuzumab and trastuzumab. The Oncologist 2017;22:1160-1168 IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Combined treatment with pertuzumab, trastuzumab, and docetaxel is the standard of care for first-line HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer. However, some patients cannot, or choose not to, receive docetaxel. VELVET Cohort 2 results support the results from Cohort 1 that suggest that pertuzumab plus trastuzumab and vinorelbine is a suitable alternative for these patients. In addition to this, results from Cohort 2 support the feasibility of administering pertuzumab and trastuzumab together in a single infusion bag, which has the potential to offer greater patient convenience and reduce active health care professional time and medical resource utilization compared with administering them separately.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftThe oncologist
    Vol/bind22
    Udgave nummer10
    Sider (fra-til)1160-1168
    Antal sider9
    ISSN1083-7159
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - okt. 2017

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