Effects of restrictive fluid therapy on the time to resolution of hyperlactatemia in ICU patients with septic shock. A secondary post hoc analysis of the CLASSIC randomized trial

Christian Ahlstedt*, Praleene Sivapalan, Miroslav Kriz, Gustaf Jacobson, Tine Sylvest Meyhoff, Benjamin Skov Kaas-Hansen, Manne Holm, Jacob Hollenberg, Marek Nalos, Olav Rooijackers, Morten Hylander Møller, Maria Cronhjort, Anders Perner, Jonathan Grip

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
1 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of intravenous (IV) fluid restriction on time to resolution of hyperlactatemia in septic shock. Hyperlactatemia in sepsis is associated with worse outcome. Sepsis guidelines suggest targeting lactate clearance to guide fluid therapy despite the complexity of hyperlactatemia and the potential harm of fluid overload.

METHODS: We conducted a post hoc analysis of serial plasma lactate concentrations in a sub-cohort of 777 patients from the international multicenter clinical CLASSIC trial (restriction of intravenous fluids in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with septic shock). Adult ICU patients with septic shock had been randomized to restrictive (n = 385) or standard (n = 392) intravenous fluid therapy. The primary outcome, time to resolution of hyperlactatemia, was analyzed with a competing-risks regression model. Death and discharge were competing outcomes, and administrative censoring was imposed 72 h after randomization if hyperlactatemia persisted. The regression analysis was adjusted for the same stratification variables and covariates as in the original CLASSIC trial analysis.

RESULTS: The hazard ratios (HRs) for the cumulative probability of resolution of hyperlactatemia, in the restrictive vs the standard group, in the unadjusted analysis, with time split, were 0.94 (confidence interval (CI) 0.78-1.14) at day 1 and 1.21 (0.89-1.65) at day 2-3. The adjusted analyses were consistent with the unadjusted results.

CONCLUSION: In this post hoc retrospective analysis of a multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT), a restrictive intravenous fluid strategy did not seem to affect the time to resolution of hyperlactatemia in adult ICU patients with septic shock.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftIntensive Care Medicine
Vol/bind50
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)678-686
Antal sider9
ISSN0342-4642
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2024

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