Effects of photobleaching on selected advanced glycation end products in the human lens

Thomas Holm, Cibin T Raghavan, Rooban Nahomi, Ram H Nagaraj, Line Kessel

5 Citationer (Scopus)


BackgroundCataract is the leading cause of blindness, especially in the developing world. To ease access to treatment, we have proposed that cataract could be treated non-invasively by photobleaching of the chemically modified proteins responsible for cataract formation. The present study was aimed at examining the optical and biochemical effects of the proposed treatment.MethodsHuman donor lenses were photobleaced using a 445 nm cw laser. Lens optical quality was assessed before and after photobleaching by light transmission and scattering. The concentration of the advanced glycation end products (AGEs) pentosidine, argpyrimidine, carboxymethyllysine, hydroimidazolone was measured.ResultsTransmission increased and AGE-related fluorescence decreased significantly after photobleaching but no changes were observed in the concentration of the measured AGEs.ConclusionsWe found a significant effect of the photobleaching treatment on lens optical parameters but we could not associate the optical findings to a change in the concentration of the AGEs we measured. This finding suggests that other AGEs were responsible for the observed photobleaching of the human lens after laser treatment. The biochemical nature of the photochemical reactions associated with photobleaching remains to be elucidated.

TidsskriftBMC Research Notes
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)5
StatusUdgivet - 16 jan. 2015


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