Effects of oral roflumilast therapy on body weight and cardiometabolic parameters in patients with psoriasis - results from a randomized controlled trial (PSORRO)

Mette Gyldenløve, Jennifer Astrup Sørensen, Simon Fage, Howraman Meteran, Lone Skov, Claus Zachariae, Filip Krag Knop, Mia-Louise Nielsen, Alexander Egeberg

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Weight loss is reported with oral roflumilast, which is approved for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Recently, the drug has shown efficacy in psoriasis, a disease strongly linked to overweight/obesity.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the effects of oral roflumilast on body weight and cardio-metabolic parameters in patients with psoriasis.

METHODS: Posthoc analyses from the PSORRO study, where patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis were randomized 1:1 to oral roflumilast 500 μg once-daily or placebo for 12 weeks, followed by active, open-label treatment through week 24 in both groups. Changes in body weight, blood pressure, gastrointestinal symptoms, and laboratory tests were registered. No lifestyle or dietary interventions were applied.

RESULTS: Forty-six patients were randomized. Baseline characteristics across groups were comparable; mean weight was 103.6 kg. In patients receiving roflumilast, median weight change was -2.6% and -4% at week 12 and 24, respectively. Corresponding numbers were 0.0% and 1.3% in patients initially allocated to placebo. Reduced appetite was more frequent with active therapy. No changes in blood pressure or laboratory tests were observed.

LIMITATIONS: Posthoc analyses and low numbers.

CONCLUSION: Oral roflumilast induced weight loss and reduced appetite, which support the growing evidence of roflumilast as an attractive treatment alternative for patients with psoriasis.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
ISSN0190-9622
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 29 feb. 2024

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