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Effects of liraglutide on diastolic function parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease: a randomized crossover study

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BACKGROUND: Diastolic dysfunction is highly prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and is associated with overweight, glucose dysregulation and coronary artery disease (CAD). The GLP-1 receptor agonist, liraglutide, has shown to induce weight loss and improve metabolic factors, thus modulating factors associated with diastolic dysfunction. We have previously reported the effects of liraglutide on systolic function, and in this current study we explore the effects of liraglutide on diastolic function parameters in patients with stable CAD, preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and newly diagnosed T2DM.

METHODS: Thirty subjects were randomized to liraglutide or placebo intervention for 12 + 12-weeks in this double-blind cross-over study. 2D-echocardiography using tissue velocity imaging was used for assessment of diastolic function parameters. Early diastolic filling velocity (E), late atrial filling velocity (A), E-wave deceleration time (EDT) and E/A ratio was assessed from the pulse wave (PW)-Doppler velocity recording of the mitral inflow. Peak early diastolic annular velocities (e') was measured from color tissue doppler images.

RESULTS: Liraglutide, when compared to placebo, induced a significant reduction in average e' and lateral e' velocities (- 0.57 cm/s [- 1.05 to - 0.08] and -0.74 cm/s [-1.32 to -0.15], respectively). Adjusted for the concomitant increase in HR (+ 6.16 bpm [0.79 to 11.54], the changes were not significant. No significant changes in other diastolic function parameters were observed.

CONCLUSIONS: Liraglutide therapy did not improve any diastolic function parameters in subjects with T2DM, CAD, and preserved LVEF. Instead, a deterioration in e' was observed, which was associated to an increase in heart rate induced by liraglutide therapy. Trial registration Clinical Trial Registration: (unique identifier: NCT01595789) (first submitted May 8, 2012).

TidsskriftCardiovascular Diabetology
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)1-7
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - 7 jan. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by an unrestricted grant for investigator-initiated studies from Novo Nordisk A/S. Additional funding was provided by The Danish Heart Foundation, The AP Moller Foundation, Department of Internal Medicine Amager Hospital and Clinical Research Centre Hvidovre Hospital, and The Bispebjerg Hospital Research Foundation.

ID: 61780115