Effects of captopril on cerebral blood flow in normotensive and hypertensive rats

D I Barry, O B Paulson, J O Jarden, M Juhler, D I Graham, S Strandgaard

Abstract

Cerebrovascular effects of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor captopril were examined in normotensive and hypertensive rats. Cerebral blood flow was measured with the intracarotid 133xenon injection method in halothane-anesthetized animals. The blood-brain barrier permeability of captopril (determined with an integral-uptake method) was negligible, the permeability-surface area product in most brain regions being 1 X 10(-5) cm3/g per second, that is, three to four times lower than that of sodium ion. When administered into the cerebral ventricles to bypass the blood-brain barrier, captopril had no effect on cerebral blood flow: furthermore, cerebral blood flow autoregulation (studied by raising and lowering blood pressure) was identical to that in controls. In contrast, when given intravenously, captopril had a marked effect on cerebral blood flow autoregulation--both the lower and upper limits of autoregulation being shifted to a lower pressure (by about 20 to 30 and 50 to 60 mm Hg, respectively), and the autoregulatory range was shortened by about 40 mm Hg. This effect may be ascribed to inhibition of converting enzyme in the cerebral blood vessels rather than within the brain.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe American Journal of Medicine
Vol/bind76
Udgave nummer5B
Sider (fra-til)79-85
Antal sider7
ISSN0002-9343
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 31 maj 1984
Udgivet eksterntJa

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