Effects of anti-CD20 therapy on circulating and intrathecal follicular helper T cell subsets in multiple sclerosis

Abstract

Follicular helper T (Tfh) cells and their interplay with B cells likely contribute to the pathogenesis of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Tfh cells are enriched in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in RRMS, but effects of anti-CD20 therapy are unknown. We investigated Tfh cells in controls, untreated and anti-CD20-treated patients with RRMS using flow cytometry. CSF Tfh cells were increased in untreated patients. Compared to paired blood samples, CD25- Tfh cells were enriched in CSF in RRMS, but not in controls. Contrast-enhancing brain MRI lesions and IgG index correlated with CSF CD25- Tfh cell frequency in untreated patients with RRMS. Anti-CD20 therapy reduced the numbers of circulating PD1+ Tfh cells and CD25- Tfh cells, and the frequency of CSF CD25- Tfh cells. The study suggests that CD25- Tfh cells are recruited to the CSF in RRMS, associated with focal inflammation, and are reduced by anti-CD20 therapy.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer110262
TidsskriftClinical immunology (Orlando, Fla.)
Vol/bind264
ISSN1521-6616
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2024

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