Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Effectiveness of the Gold Standard Programme (GSP) for smoking cessation on smokers with and without a severe mental disorder: a Danish cohort study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  1. A phenome-wide association and Mendelian Randomisation study of polygenic risk for depression in UK Biobank

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Effectiveness of cognitive remediation in the ultra-high risk state for psychosis

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftLetterForskningpeer review

  3. The Duffy-null genotype and risk of infection

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Vis graf over relationer

OBJECTIVES: We compared the effectiveness of an intensive smoking cessation intervention among smokers with and without a severe mental disorder (SMD) and identified factors associated with successful quitting. The main hypothesis was that smokers with an SMD would be less likely to stay continuously smoke-free for 6 months.

DESIGN: A prospective cohort study.

SETTING: In all, 302 smoking cessation clinics in Denmark from municipal clinics, pharmacies, hospitals, midwives, primary care facilities and other private providers who reported data to the national Danish Smoking Cessation Database from 2006 to 2016 participated in this study.

PARTICIPANTS: A total of 38 293 patients from the Danish Smoking Cessation Database. Patients with an SMD were identified by linking data to the Danish National Patient Register. Diagnoses of organic mental disorders (F0 chapter) or intellectual disabilities (F7 chapter) were not included. Smokers ≥18 years old who were attending a Gold Standard Programme (GSP) with planned follow-up were included. Smokers not wanting contact after 6 months were excluded.

INTERVENTIONS: A comprehensive manual-based smoking cessation intervention comprising five meetings over a 6-week period (the GSP).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported continuous abstinence at the 6-month follow-up.

RESULTS: In all, 69% of the participants participated in the follow-up after 6 months. The overall rate of successful quitting was high but significantly lower in SMD smokers (29% vs 38%; OR 0.74; 95% CI 0.68 to 0.80). Variables associated with successful quitting were compliance (defined as attending ≥75% of the planned meetings), older age and male gender as well as not being disadvantaged, heavy smoking or recommendation of intervention by health professionals.

CONCLUSIONS: Only 29% of smokers with an SMD successfully quit smoking which was significantly lower than the 38% of smokers without an SMD. Compliance was the most important predictor for successful quitting.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBMJ Open
Vol/bind8
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)e021114
ISSN2044-6055
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 11 jun. 2018

ID: 54782666