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Effect of meal and propranolol on whole body and splanchnic oxygen consumption in patients with cirrhosis

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@article{4ab8171437b9414cb037c25c0ec756c1,
title = "Effect of meal and propranolol on whole body and splanchnic oxygen consumption in patients with cirrhosis",
abstract = "Our aim was to measure whole body energy expenditure after a mixed liquid meal, with and without simultaneous propranolol infusion, in patients with cirrhosis. We also wanted to investigate the effect of propranolol on substrate fluxes and oxygen uptake in the tissues drained by the hepatic vein and azygos vein in the postprandial period in these patients. Whole-body oxygen uptake, hepatic blood flow, hepatic venous pressure gradient and net-hepatic fluxes of oxygen, lactate, glucose, glycerol, and free fatty acids (FFA) were measured in 12 patients with alcoholic cirrhosis before and for 2 h after ingestion of a mixed liquid meal (700 kcal). Half of the patients (n = 6) were randomized to a treatment group receiving intravenous infusion of propranolol in combination with the meal. The meal-induced energy expenditure was significantly lower in patients given propranolol [15.0 +/- 18.9 vs. 67.0 +/- 26.1 kJ/120 min (means +/- SD), P <0.01]. Meal-induced whole body oxygen uptake was lower in patients receiving propranolol (19.2 +/- 38 vs. 135.7 +/- 61 mmol/120 min, P <0.01), and the meal-induced increase in splanchnic oxygen uptake was nonexistent when propranolol was administered in combination (-13.2 +/- 34.8 vs. 110.4 +/- 34.8 mmol/120 min, P = 0.04). Postprandially, the propranolol group had a tendency toward a reduced splanchnic glucose output, and the FFA uptake was significantly reduced. Propranolol reduces meal-induced whole body oxygen uptake and energy expenditure as well as splanchnic oxygen uptake. The splanchnic reduction in oxygen consumption can explain almost the entire reduction in whole body oxygen consumption.",
keywords = "Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Energy Metabolism, Female, Humans, Infusions, Intravenous, Liver Cirrhosis, Male, Metabolic Clearance Rate, Middle Aged, Organ Specificity, Oxygen, Oxygen Consumption, Postprandial Period, Propranolol, Splanchnic Circulation, Tissue Distribution",
author = "Aleksander Krag and Lene Simonsen and Henriksen, {Jens H} and Lone Ottesen and Flemming Bendtsen",
year = "2006",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1152/ajpgi.00315.2005",
language = "English",
volume = "291",
pages = "G8--15",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology",
issn = "0193-1857",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of meal and propranolol on whole body and splanchnic oxygen consumption in patients with cirrhosis

AU - Krag, Aleksander

AU - Simonsen, Lene

AU - Henriksen, Jens H

AU - Ottesen, Lone

AU - Bendtsen, Flemming

PY - 2006/7

Y1 - 2006/7

N2 - Our aim was to measure whole body energy expenditure after a mixed liquid meal, with and without simultaneous propranolol infusion, in patients with cirrhosis. We also wanted to investigate the effect of propranolol on substrate fluxes and oxygen uptake in the tissues drained by the hepatic vein and azygos vein in the postprandial period in these patients. Whole-body oxygen uptake, hepatic blood flow, hepatic venous pressure gradient and net-hepatic fluxes of oxygen, lactate, glucose, glycerol, and free fatty acids (FFA) were measured in 12 patients with alcoholic cirrhosis before and for 2 h after ingestion of a mixed liquid meal (700 kcal). Half of the patients (n = 6) were randomized to a treatment group receiving intravenous infusion of propranolol in combination with the meal. The meal-induced energy expenditure was significantly lower in patients given propranolol [15.0 +/- 18.9 vs. 67.0 +/- 26.1 kJ/120 min (means +/- SD), P <0.01]. Meal-induced whole body oxygen uptake was lower in patients receiving propranolol (19.2 +/- 38 vs. 135.7 +/- 61 mmol/120 min, P <0.01), and the meal-induced increase in splanchnic oxygen uptake was nonexistent when propranolol was administered in combination (-13.2 +/- 34.8 vs. 110.4 +/- 34.8 mmol/120 min, P = 0.04). Postprandially, the propranolol group had a tendency toward a reduced splanchnic glucose output, and the FFA uptake was significantly reduced. Propranolol reduces meal-induced whole body oxygen uptake and energy expenditure as well as splanchnic oxygen uptake. The splanchnic reduction in oxygen consumption can explain almost the entire reduction in whole body oxygen consumption.

AB - Our aim was to measure whole body energy expenditure after a mixed liquid meal, with and without simultaneous propranolol infusion, in patients with cirrhosis. We also wanted to investigate the effect of propranolol on substrate fluxes and oxygen uptake in the tissues drained by the hepatic vein and azygos vein in the postprandial period in these patients. Whole-body oxygen uptake, hepatic blood flow, hepatic venous pressure gradient and net-hepatic fluxes of oxygen, lactate, glucose, glycerol, and free fatty acids (FFA) were measured in 12 patients with alcoholic cirrhosis before and for 2 h after ingestion of a mixed liquid meal (700 kcal). Half of the patients (n = 6) were randomized to a treatment group receiving intravenous infusion of propranolol in combination with the meal. The meal-induced energy expenditure was significantly lower in patients given propranolol [15.0 +/- 18.9 vs. 67.0 +/- 26.1 kJ/120 min (means +/- SD), P <0.01]. Meal-induced whole body oxygen uptake was lower in patients receiving propranolol (19.2 +/- 38 vs. 135.7 +/- 61 mmol/120 min, P <0.01), and the meal-induced increase in splanchnic oxygen uptake was nonexistent when propranolol was administered in combination (-13.2 +/- 34.8 vs. 110.4 +/- 34.8 mmol/120 min, P = 0.04). Postprandially, the propranolol group had a tendency toward a reduced splanchnic glucose output, and the FFA uptake was significantly reduced. Propranolol reduces meal-induced whole body oxygen uptake and energy expenditure as well as splanchnic oxygen uptake. The splanchnic reduction in oxygen consumption can explain almost the entire reduction in whole body oxygen consumption.

KW - Dose-Response Relationship, Drug

KW - Energy Metabolism

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Infusions, Intravenous

KW - Liver Cirrhosis

KW - Male

KW - Metabolic Clearance Rate

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Organ Specificity

KW - Oxygen

KW - Oxygen Consumption

KW - Postprandial Period

KW - Propranolol

KW - Splanchnic Circulation

KW - Tissue Distribution

U2 - 10.1152/ajpgi.00315.2005

DO - 10.1152/ajpgi.00315.2005

M3 - Journal article

VL - 291

SP - G8-15

JO - American Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology

SN - 0193-1857

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 32522652