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Udgivet

Effect of intrathecal recombinant human arylsulfatase A enzyme replacement therapy on structural brain MRI in children with metachromatic leukodystrophy

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DOI

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  3. On the reconstruction of magnetic resonance current density images of the human brain: Pitfalls and perspectives

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  4. Elevated body weight modulates subcortical volume change and associated clinical response following electroconvulsive therapy

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  • Samuel Groeschel
  • Lucas Bastian Amedick
  • L.G. Hanson
  • James Wu
  • Leslie Jacobsen
  • John Port
Vis graf over relationer
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is a rare neurometabolic disorder caused by arylsulfatase A (ASA) deficiency, resulting in sulfatide accumulation, demyelination and rapid neurological dete- rioration. A phase 1/2 study (NCT01510028) recently assessed the safety of intrathecal (IT) recombinant human ASA (rhASA; TAK-611, formerly SHP611) in children with MLD aged 19–107 months. This retrospective analysis investigated the effect of IT rhASA on brain tissue changes in children with MLD using MRI volumetric and diffusion indices. 170 MRIs of 24 children with MLD treated with IT rhASA (NCT01510028) were compared with 56 MRIs of 12 children with MLD treated with intravenous (IV) rhASA (NCT00418561/ NCT00633139), 43 MRIs of 33 untreated children with MLD and 202 MRIs of 120healthy controls. Automated segmentation of gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) volumes was performed using T1- and T2-weighted sequences. Fractional anisotropy (FA) was calculated from diffusion tensor imaging in the frontal WM and part of the pyramidal tract. Brain volume, GM volume and FA in all regions were decreased in children with MLD vs age-matched healthy controls. The most pronounced effects were visible for total brain and GM volume, and FA in the pyramidal tract, with greater decreases in the untreated and IV rhASA groups vs the IT rhASA group (P b .05). Children treated with 100 mg IT rhASA every other week (EOW) who maintained or improved their baseline motor function had improved MRI indices compared with those who declined. GM volume and microstructural changes in the pyramidal tract deteriorated over the clinical course in children with MLD. IT rhASA treatment had a positive effect on brain tissue changes. These MRI indices correlated with clinical response to treatment with 100 mg IT rhASA EOW. Shire (a Takeda company) funded this study and writing support.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer152
TidsskriftMolecular Genetics and Metabolism
Vol/bind129
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)S68-S68
Antal sider1
ISSN1096-7192
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2020
BegivenhedAdvances in Rare Lysosomal Storage Disorders at 16th Annual WORLDSymposium 2020 -
Varighed: 10 feb. 202013 feb. 2020
https://worldsymposia.org/worldsymposium-2020-meeting-highlights/2020-program/

Konference

KonferenceAdvances in Rare Lysosomal Storage Disorders at 16th Annual WORLDSymposium 2020
Periode10/02/202013/02/2020
Internetadresse

Begivenhed

Advances in Rare Lysosomal Storage Disorders at 16th Annual WORLDSymposium 2020

10/02/202013/02/2020

Begivenhed: Konference

ID: 62023869