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Effect of immune regulatory pathways after immunization with GMZ2 malaria vaccine candidate in healthy lifelong malaria-exposed adults

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Harvard

Nouatin, O, Ateba Ngoa, U, Ibáñez, J, Dejon-Agobe, JC, Mordmüller, B, Edoa, JR, Mougeni, F, Brückner, S, Bouyoukou Hounkpatin, A, Esen, M, Theisen, M, Moutairou, K, Hoffman, SL, Issifou, S, Luty, AJF, Loembe, MM, Agnandji, ST, Lell, B, Kremsner, PG & Adegnika, AA 2020, 'Effect of immune regulatory pathways after immunization with GMZ2 malaria vaccine candidate in healthy lifelong malaria-exposed adults', Vaccine, bind 38, nr. 27, s. 4263-4272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.04.046

APA

Nouatin, O., Ateba Ngoa, U., Ibáñez, J., Dejon-Agobe, J. C., Mordmüller, B., Edoa, J. R., Mougeni, F., Brückner, S., Bouyoukou Hounkpatin, A., Esen, M., Theisen, M., Moutairou, K., Hoffman, S. L., Issifou, S., Luty, A. J. F., Loembe, M. M., Agnandji, S. T., Lell, B., Kremsner, P. G., & Adegnika, A. A. (2020). Effect of immune regulatory pathways after immunization with GMZ2 malaria vaccine candidate in healthy lifelong malaria-exposed adults. Vaccine, 38(27), 4263-4272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.04.046

CBE

Nouatin O, Ateba Ngoa U, Ibáñez J, Dejon-Agobe JC, Mordmüller B, Edoa JR, Mougeni F, Brückner S, Bouyoukou Hounkpatin A, Esen M, Theisen M, Moutairou K, Hoffman SL, Issifou S, Luty AJF, Loembe MM, Agnandji ST, Lell B, Kremsner PG, Adegnika AA. 2020. Effect of immune regulatory pathways after immunization with GMZ2 malaria vaccine candidate in healthy lifelong malaria-exposed adults. Vaccine. 38(27):4263-4272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.04.046

MLA

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Author

Nouatin, Odilon ; Ateba Ngoa, Ulysse ; Ibáñez, Javier ; Dejon-Agobe, Jean Claude ; Mordmüller, Benjamin ; Edoa, Jean Ronald ; Mougeni, Fabrice ; Brückner, Sina ; Bouyoukou Hounkpatin, Aurore ; Esen, Meral ; Theisen, Michael ; Moutairou, Kabirou ; Hoffman, Stephen L ; Issifou, Saadou ; Luty, Adrian J F ; Loembe, Marguerite M ; Agnandji, Selidji Todagbé ; Lell, Bertrand ; Kremsner, Peter G ; Adegnika, Ayôla Akim. / Effect of immune regulatory pathways after immunization with GMZ2 malaria vaccine candidate in healthy lifelong malaria-exposed adults. I: Vaccine. 2020 ; Bind 38, Nr. 27. s. 4263-4272.

Bibtex

@article{43407c76eed94a5a9daa7a1698083b9f,
title = "Effect of immune regulatory pathways after immunization with GMZ2 malaria vaccine candidate in healthy lifelong malaria-exposed adults",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Despite appreciable immunogenicity in malaria-naive populations, many candidate malaria vaccines are considerably less immunogenic in malaria-exposed populations. This could reflect induction of immune regulatory mechanisms involving Human Leukocyte Antigen G (HLA-G), regulatory T (Treg), and regulatory B (Breg) cells. Here, we addressed the question whether there is correlation between these immune regulatory pathways and both plasmablast frequencies and vaccine-specific IgG concentrations.METHODS: Fifty Gabonese adults with lifelong exposure to Plasmodium spp were randomized to receive three doses of either 30 µg or 100 µg GMZ2-CAF01, or 100 µg GMZ2-alum, or control vaccine (rabies vaccine) at 4-week intervals. Only plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from blood samples collected before (D0) and 28 days after the third vaccination (D84) of 35 participants were used to measure sHLA-G levels and anti-GMZ2 IgG concentrations, and to quantify Treg, Breg and plasmablast cells. Vaccine efficacy was assessed using controlled human malaria infection (CHMI) by direct venous inoculation of Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites (PfSPZ Challenge).RESULTS: The sHLA-G concentration increased from D0 to D84 in all GMZ2 vaccinated participants and in the control group, whereas Treg frequencies increased only in those receiving 30 µg or 100 µg GMZ2-CAF01. The sHLA-G level on D84 was associated with a decrease of the anti-GMZ2 IgG concentration, whereas Treg frequencies on D0 or on D84, and Breg frequency on D84 were associated with lower plasmablast frequencies. Importantly, having a D84:D0 ratio of sHLA-G above the median was associated with an increased risk of P. falciparum infection after sporozoites injection.CONCLUSION: Regulatory immune responses are induced following immunization. Stronger sHLA-G and Treg immune responses may suppress vaccine induced immune responses, and the magnitude of the sHLA-G response increased the risk of Plasmodium falciparum infection after CHMI. These findings could have implications for the design and testing of malaria vaccine candidates in semi-immune individuals.",
author = "Odilon Nouatin and {Ateba Ngoa}, Ulysse and Javier Ib{\'a}{\~n}ez and Dejon-Agobe, {Jean Claude} and Benjamin Mordm{\"u}ller and Edoa, {Jean Ronald} and Fabrice Mougeni and Sina Br{\"u}ckner and {Bouyoukou Hounkpatin}, Aurore and Meral Esen and Michael Theisen and Kabirou Moutairou and Hoffman, {Stephen L} and Saadou Issifou and Luty, {Adrian J F} and Loembe, {Marguerite M} and Agnandji, {Selidji Todagb{\'e}} and Bertrand Lell and Kremsner, {Peter G} and Adegnika, {Ay{\^o}la Akim}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2020",
month = jun,
day = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.04.046",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "4263--4272",
journal = "Vaccine",
issn = "0264-410X",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",
number = "27",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of immune regulatory pathways after immunization with GMZ2 malaria vaccine candidate in healthy lifelong malaria-exposed adults

AU - Nouatin, Odilon

AU - Ateba Ngoa, Ulysse

AU - Ibáñez, Javier

AU - Dejon-Agobe, Jean Claude

AU - Mordmüller, Benjamin

AU - Edoa, Jean Ronald

AU - Mougeni, Fabrice

AU - Brückner, Sina

AU - Bouyoukou Hounkpatin, Aurore

AU - Esen, Meral

AU - Theisen, Michael

AU - Moutairou, Kabirou

AU - Hoffman, Stephen L

AU - Issifou, Saadou

AU - Luty, Adrian J F

AU - Loembe, Marguerite M

AU - Agnandji, Selidji Todagbé

AU - Lell, Bertrand

AU - Kremsner, Peter G

AU - Adegnika, Ayôla Akim

N1 - Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2020/6/2

Y1 - 2020/6/2

N2 - BACKGROUND: Despite appreciable immunogenicity in malaria-naive populations, many candidate malaria vaccines are considerably less immunogenic in malaria-exposed populations. This could reflect induction of immune regulatory mechanisms involving Human Leukocyte Antigen G (HLA-G), regulatory T (Treg), and regulatory B (Breg) cells. Here, we addressed the question whether there is correlation between these immune regulatory pathways and both plasmablast frequencies and vaccine-specific IgG concentrations.METHODS: Fifty Gabonese adults with lifelong exposure to Plasmodium spp were randomized to receive three doses of either 30 µg or 100 µg GMZ2-CAF01, or 100 µg GMZ2-alum, or control vaccine (rabies vaccine) at 4-week intervals. Only plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from blood samples collected before (D0) and 28 days after the third vaccination (D84) of 35 participants were used to measure sHLA-G levels and anti-GMZ2 IgG concentrations, and to quantify Treg, Breg and plasmablast cells. Vaccine efficacy was assessed using controlled human malaria infection (CHMI) by direct venous inoculation of Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites (PfSPZ Challenge).RESULTS: The sHLA-G concentration increased from D0 to D84 in all GMZ2 vaccinated participants and in the control group, whereas Treg frequencies increased only in those receiving 30 µg or 100 µg GMZ2-CAF01. The sHLA-G level on D84 was associated with a decrease of the anti-GMZ2 IgG concentration, whereas Treg frequencies on D0 or on D84, and Breg frequency on D84 were associated with lower plasmablast frequencies. Importantly, having a D84:D0 ratio of sHLA-G above the median was associated with an increased risk of P. falciparum infection after sporozoites injection.CONCLUSION: Regulatory immune responses are induced following immunization. Stronger sHLA-G and Treg immune responses may suppress vaccine induced immune responses, and the magnitude of the sHLA-G response increased the risk of Plasmodium falciparum infection after CHMI. These findings could have implications for the design and testing of malaria vaccine candidates in semi-immune individuals.

AB - BACKGROUND: Despite appreciable immunogenicity in malaria-naive populations, many candidate malaria vaccines are considerably less immunogenic in malaria-exposed populations. This could reflect induction of immune regulatory mechanisms involving Human Leukocyte Antigen G (HLA-G), regulatory T (Treg), and regulatory B (Breg) cells. Here, we addressed the question whether there is correlation between these immune regulatory pathways and both plasmablast frequencies and vaccine-specific IgG concentrations.METHODS: Fifty Gabonese adults with lifelong exposure to Plasmodium spp were randomized to receive three doses of either 30 µg or 100 µg GMZ2-CAF01, or 100 µg GMZ2-alum, or control vaccine (rabies vaccine) at 4-week intervals. Only plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from blood samples collected before (D0) and 28 days after the third vaccination (D84) of 35 participants were used to measure sHLA-G levels and anti-GMZ2 IgG concentrations, and to quantify Treg, Breg and plasmablast cells. Vaccine efficacy was assessed using controlled human malaria infection (CHMI) by direct venous inoculation of Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites (PfSPZ Challenge).RESULTS: The sHLA-G concentration increased from D0 to D84 in all GMZ2 vaccinated participants and in the control group, whereas Treg frequencies increased only in those receiving 30 µg or 100 µg GMZ2-CAF01. The sHLA-G level on D84 was associated with a decrease of the anti-GMZ2 IgG concentration, whereas Treg frequencies on D0 or on D84, and Breg frequency on D84 were associated with lower plasmablast frequencies. Importantly, having a D84:D0 ratio of sHLA-G above the median was associated with an increased risk of P. falciparum infection after sporozoites injection.CONCLUSION: Regulatory immune responses are induced following immunization. Stronger sHLA-G and Treg immune responses may suppress vaccine induced immune responses, and the magnitude of the sHLA-G response increased the risk of Plasmodium falciparum infection after CHMI. These findings could have implications for the design and testing of malaria vaccine candidates in semi-immune individuals.

U2 - 10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.04.046

DO - 10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.04.046

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32386747

VL - 38

SP - 4263

EP - 4272

JO - Vaccine

JF - Vaccine

SN - 0264-410X

IS - 27

ER -

ID: 62343048