EEG-vigilance regulation is associated with and predicts ketamine response in major depressive disorder

Cheng-Teng Ip, Mateo de Bardeci, Golo Kronenberg, Lars Hageman Pinborg, Erich Seifritz, Martin Brunovsky, Sebastian Olbrich*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde


Ketamine offers promising new therapeutic options for difficult-to-treat depression. The efficacy of treatment response, including ketamine, has been intricately linked to EEG measures of vigilance. This research investigated the interplay between intravenous ketamine and alterations in brain arousal, quantified through EEG vigilance assessments in two distinct cohorts of depressed patients (original dataset: n = 24; testing dataset: n = 24). Clinical response was defined as a decrease from baseline of >33% on the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) 24 h after infusion. EEG recordings were obtained pre-, start-, end- and 24 h post- infusion, and the resting EEG was automatically scored using the Vigilance Algorithm Leipzig (VIGALL). Relative to placebo (sodium chloride 0.9%), ketamine increased the amount of low-vigilance stage B1 at end-infusion. This increase in B1 was positively related to serum concentrations of ketamine, but not to norketamine, and was independent of clinical response. In contrast, treatment responders showed a distinct EEG pattern characterized by a decrease in high-vigilance stage A1 and an increase in low-vigilance B2/3, regardless of whether placebo or ketamine had been given. Furthermore, pretreatment EEG differed between responders and non-responders with responders showing a higher percentage of stage A1 (53% vs. 21%). The logistic regression fitted on the percent of A1 stages was able to predict treatment outcomes in the testing dataset with an area under the ROC curve of 0.7. Ketamine affects EEG vigilance in a distinct pattern observed only in responders. Consequently, the percentage of pretreatment stage A1 shows significant potential as a predictive biomarker of treatment response.Clinical Trials Registration: Registration number: EudraCT Number: 2013-000952-17.

TidsskriftTranslational psychiatry
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)64
StatusUdgivet - 26 jan. 2024


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