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EEG correlates of visual short-term memory in older age vary with adult lifespan cognitive development

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@article{d65fe9253e2e497da3d0a8f9e88c86c0,
title = "EEG correlates of visual short-term memory in older age vary with adult lifespan cognitive development",
abstract = "Visual short-term memory (vSTM) is a cognitive resource that declines with age. This study investigated whether electroencephalography (EEG) correlates of vSTM vary with cognitive development over individuals' lifespan. We measured vSTM performance and EEG in a lateralized whole-report task in a healthy birth cohort, whose cognitive function (intelligence quotient) was assessed in youth and late-middle age. Higher vSTM capacity (K; measured by Bundesen's theory of visual attention) was associated with higher amplitudes of the contralateral delay activity (CDA) and the central positivity (CP). In addition, rightward hemifield asymmetry of vSTM (Kλ) was associated with lower CDA amplitudes. Furthermore, more severe cognitive decline from young adulthood to late-middle age predicted higher CDA amplitudes, and the relationship between K and the CDA was less reliable in individuals who show higher levels of cognitive decline compared to individuals with preserved abilities. By contrast, there was no significant effect of lifespan cognitive changes on the CP or the relationship between behavioral measures of vSTM and the CP. Neither the CDA, nor the CP, nor the relationships between K or Kλ and the event-related potentials were predicted by individuals' current cognitive status. Together, our findings indicate complex age-related changes in processes underlying behavioral and EEG measures of vSTM and suggest that the K-CDA relationship might be a marker of cognitive lifespan trajectories.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Iris Wiegand and Lauritzen, {Martin J} and Merete Osler and Mortensen, {Erik Lykke} and Egill Rostrup and Lene Rask and Nelly Richard and Anna Horwitz and Krisztina Benedek and Signe Vangkilde and Anders Petersen",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2017.10.018",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "210--220",
journal = "Neurobiology of Aging",
issn = "0197-4580",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - EEG correlates of visual short-term memory in older age vary with adult lifespan cognitive development

AU - Wiegand, Iris

AU - Lauritzen, Martin J

AU - Osler, Merete

AU - Mortensen, Erik Lykke

AU - Rostrup, Egill

AU - Rask, Lene

AU - Richard, Nelly

AU - Horwitz, Anna

AU - Benedek, Krisztina

AU - Vangkilde, Signe

AU - Petersen, Anders

N1 - Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Visual short-term memory (vSTM) is a cognitive resource that declines with age. This study investigated whether electroencephalography (EEG) correlates of vSTM vary with cognitive development over individuals' lifespan. We measured vSTM performance and EEG in a lateralized whole-report task in a healthy birth cohort, whose cognitive function (intelligence quotient) was assessed in youth and late-middle age. Higher vSTM capacity (K; measured by Bundesen's theory of visual attention) was associated with higher amplitudes of the contralateral delay activity (CDA) and the central positivity (CP). In addition, rightward hemifield asymmetry of vSTM (Kλ) was associated with lower CDA amplitudes. Furthermore, more severe cognitive decline from young adulthood to late-middle age predicted higher CDA amplitudes, and the relationship between K and the CDA was less reliable in individuals who show higher levels of cognitive decline compared to individuals with preserved abilities. By contrast, there was no significant effect of lifespan cognitive changes on the CP or the relationship between behavioral measures of vSTM and the CP. Neither the CDA, nor the CP, nor the relationships between K or Kλ and the event-related potentials were predicted by individuals' current cognitive status. Together, our findings indicate complex age-related changes in processes underlying behavioral and EEG measures of vSTM and suggest that the K-CDA relationship might be a marker of cognitive lifespan trajectories.

AB - Visual short-term memory (vSTM) is a cognitive resource that declines with age. This study investigated whether electroencephalography (EEG) correlates of vSTM vary with cognitive development over individuals' lifespan. We measured vSTM performance and EEG in a lateralized whole-report task in a healthy birth cohort, whose cognitive function (intelligence quotient) was assessed in youth and late-middle age. Higher vSTM capacity (K; measured by Bundesen's theory of visual attention) was associated with higher amplitudes of the contralateral delay activity (CDA) and the central positivity (CP). In addition, rightward hemifield asymmetry of vSTM (Kλ) was associated with lower CDA amplitudes. Furthermore, more severe cognitive decline from young adulthood to late-middle age predicted higher CDA amplitudes, and the relationship between K and the CDA was less reliable in individuals who show higher levels of cognitive decline compared to individuals with preserved abilities. By contrast, there was no significant effect of lifespan cognitive changes on the CP or the relationship between behavioral measures of vSTM and the CP. Neither the CDA, nor the CP, nor the relationships between K or Kλ and the event-related potentials were predicted by individuals' current cognitive status. Together, our findings indicate complex age-related changes in processes underlying behavioral and EEG measures of vSTM and suggest that the K-CDA relationship might be a marker of cognitive lifespan trajectories.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2017.10.018

DO - 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2017.10.018

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29175710

VL - 62

SP - 210

EP - 220

JO - Neurobiology of Aging

JF - Neurobiology of Aging

SN - 0197-4580

ER -

ID: 52613738