Educational attainment in young adulthood and self-rated health in midlife - Does allostatic load mediate the association?

Åse Marie Hansen*, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen, Helle Bruunsgaard, Marie Aarrebo Jensen, Drude Molbo, Rikke Lund, Anne Helene Garde

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

This study aimed to examine the extent to which allostatic load (AL), measured in midlife, mediates the association between educational attainment in young adulthood and self-rated health (SRH) in midlife among women and men. The study used data from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank (CAMB; n = 5467 participants, aged 48-62 years, 31.5% women). Educational attainment was assessed as years of education. SRH was assessed with one item: 'In general, how would you say your health is?' with response options from "excellent" to "poor". AL mediated 31.7% and 19.7% of the association between educational attainment and SRH in women and men, respectively. We observed that higher educational attainment was associated with better SRH and lower AL in both women and men. Our study showed that AL partly mediates the association between educational attainment in young adulthood and SRH in adulthood among both men and women. This study indicates that educational attainment in young adulthood affects health throughout life. Such knowledge of a potential mediator may be important in breaking the social heritage.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer105708
TidsskriftPsychoneuroendocrinology
Vol/bind139
ISSN0306-4530
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2022

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