OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency and severity of dysphagia during the first 8 weeks after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. So far, there have been no studies reporting data on day-to-day occurrence of dysphagia after laparoscopic fundoplication in a consecutive series of patients. This may explain why the frequency of dysphagia varies greatly in the literature (4-100%). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty consecutive patients, undergoing elective laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication, completed a standard dysphagia registration diary each day during the first 8 weeks after surgery. Patients who preoperatively had suffered from dysphagia were excluded. Thus, none of the patients had dysphagia in the 2-month period before surgery. Ten patients undergoing elective cholecystectomy served as controls. Data were quantified, and a score value of 4 or more was considered bothersome. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients (93%) experienced some degree of dysphagia during the observation period. Sixteen patients (44%) had at least one day with annoying dysphagia. The dysphagia started 1-2 days after surgery, was most prominent during the first few weeks, and subsided in nearly all cases after 5-6 weeks. Two patients with persistent dysphagia were treated once with balloon dilatation. None of the patients in the control group had dysphagia. CONCLUSIONS: Nearly all patients experience some degree of dysphagia after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication, and in nearly half of the patients it is considered annoying. However, even severe dysphagia usually disappears within 5-6 weeks. These results suggest a conservative attitude for the first 1-2 months after surgery. The data may also serve as a background for preoperative information to the patients.
|Tidsskrift||Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology|
|Status||Udgivet - 2007|