Durability of Pulmonary Vein Isolation Using Pulsed-Field Ablation: Results From the Multicenter EU-PORIA Registry

Thomas Kueffer, Stefano Bordignon, Kars Neven, Yuri Blaauw, Jim Hansen, Raquel Adelino, Alexandre Ouss, Anna Füting, Laurent Roten, Bart A Mulder, Martin H Ruwald, Roberto Mené, Pepijn van der Voort, Nico Reinsch, Serge Boveda, Elizabeth M Albrecht, Christopher W Schneider, K R Julian Chun, Boris Schmidt, Tobias Reichlin

1 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pulsed-field ablation (PFA) is a novel nonthermal ablation technology with high procedural safety and efficiency for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Premarket data showed high PVI durability during mandatory remapping studies. Data on lesion durability in real-world patients with clinically indicated redo procedures are scarce.

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to report PVI durability rates in patients undergoing a clinically indicated redo procedure after an index PVI using PFA.

METHODS: Patients from 7 European centers undergoing an index PVI using PFA were included the EU-PORIA (European Real-world Outcomes With Pulsed Field Ablation in Patients With Symptomatic Atrial Fibrillation) registry. In patients with subsequent left atrial redo procedures due to arrhythmia recurrence, 3-dimensional electroanatomical maps were acquired. PVI durability was assessed on a per-vein and per-patient level, and sites of reconnections and predictors of lesion durability were identified.

RESULTS: Of 1,184 patients (62% paroxysmal atrial fibrillation) undergoing an index PVI using PFA, 272 (23%) had an arrhythmia recurrence. Of these, 144 (53%) underwent a left atrial redo procedure a median of 7 (Q1-Q3: 5-10) months after the first ablation. Three-dimensional electroanatomical maps identified 404 of 567 pulmonary veins (71%) with durable isolation. In 54 patients (38%), all pulmonary veins were durably isolated. Prior operator experience with cryoballoon ablation was associated with a higher PVI durability compared to operators with only point-by-point radiofrequency experience (76% vs 60%; P < 0.001). Neither the operators' cumulative experience in atrial fibrillation ablation (≤5 vs >5 years) nor the size of the PFA device used (31 mm vs 35 mm) had an impact on subsequent lesion durability (both P > 0.50).

CONCLUSIONS: In 144 patients with arrhythmia recurrence after PFA PVI, durable isolation was observed in 71% of the pulmonary veins during the redo procedure, and 38% of all patients showed durable isolation of all veins.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJACC. Clinical electrophysiology
Vol/bind10
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)698-708
Antal sider11
ISSN2405-5018
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2024

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