Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry of the spine--decubitus lateral versus anteroposterior projection in osteoporotic women: comparison to single energy X-ray absorptiometry of the forearm

K Bjarnason, L Nilas, C Hassager, C Christiansen

Abstract

We investigated the discriminatory ability of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) of the lumbar spine in the anteroposterior vs. decubitus lateral projection in 53 elderly women with at least one vertebral fracture and 63 age-matched women without fracture. Twenty-three premenopausal healthy women served as a reference group. Spine measurements were compared to forearm measurements by single energy X-ray absorptiometry (SXA). Bone mineral density (BMD) of the women with fractures was 16% lower in the AP projection and 17% lower in the decubitus lateral projection compared to age-matched women without fractures. t-Scores (deviation from normal premenopausal values in SDs) were -2.1 to -2.3 in the women without fractures, and -3.9 (AP projection), -3.1 (lateral projection) and -3.8 (forearm) in the women with vertebral fractures. t-Scores as well as z-scores for bone mineral content of the vertebral body and the vertebral posterior elements (both measured with the lateral projection) were similar. ROC analysis showed no significant difference between the AP and the lateral projection of the spine. When subjects with vertebral endplate sclerosis (about 25% in each group, with considerably elevated spinal BMD) were excluded, it did not significantly change the diagnostic abilities for fractures. We found no diagnostic advantage of the lateral projection as compared to the AP projection or forearm measurement. Future studies will reveal whether absorptiometry in the lateral projection can be improved by supine lateral scanning.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBone
Vol/bind16
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)255-60
Antal sider6
ISSN8756-3282
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 1995
Udgivet eksterntJa

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