Does adding a dietician to the liaison team after discharge of geriatric patients improve nutritional outcome: A randomised controlled trial

A Beck, U. T. Andersen, E Leedo, Ll Jensen, K Martins, M Quvang, Kø Rask, A Vedelspang, F Rønholt

43 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The objective was to test whether adding a dietician to a discharge Liaison-Team after discharge of geriatric patients improves nutritional status, muscle strength and patient relevant outcomes.

DESIGN: Twelve-week randomized controlled trial.

SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Geriatric patients (70 + years and at nutritional risk) at discharge.

INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly allocated to receive discharge Liaison-Team vs. discharge Liaison-Team in cooperation with a dietician. The dietician performed a total of three home visits with the aim of developing and implementing an individual nutritional care plan. The first visit took place at the day of discharge together with the discharge Liaison-Team while the remaining visits took place approximately three and eight weeks after discharge and were performed by a dietician alone.

MAIN MEASURES: Nutritional status (weight, and dietary intake), muscle strength (hand grip strength, chair-stand), functional status (mobility, and activities of daily living), quality of life, use of social services, re-/hospitalization and mortality.

RESULTS: Seventy-one patients were included (34 in the intervention group), and 63 (89 %) completed the second data collection after 12 weeks (31 in the intervention group). Odds ratios for hospitalization and mortality 6 months after discharge were 0.367 (0.129; 1.042) and 0.323 (0.060; 1.724). Nutritional status improved and some positive tendencies in favour of the intervention group were observed for patient relevant outcomes, i.e. activities of daily living, and quality of life. Almost 100 % of the intervention group received three home visits by a dietician.

CONCLUSION: Adding a dietician to the discharge Liaison-Team after discharge of geriatric patients can improve nutritional status and may reduce the number of times hospitalized within 6 months. A larger study is necessary to see a significant effect on other patient relevant outcomes.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical Rehabilitation
Vol/bind29
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)1117-1128
ISSN0269-2155
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2015

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