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Disease burden, symptoms, and use of analgesics in patients with psoriasis with or without psoriatic arthritis: A cross-sectional study

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BACKGROUND: Patients with psoriasis have an impaired quality of life and higher use of analgesics than the general population. Whether such use is due to skin pain or a consequence of joint pain resulting from psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is not clear.

OBJECTIVES: To assess symptoms, disease burden, and use of analgesics in patients with psoriasis with and without PsA.

METHOD: Symptoms, general health (EurQol 5-dimension and 5-levels), and use of analgesics were assessed in patients with psoriasis and the general population from the Danish Skin Cohort.

RESULTS: We included 4016 patients with psoriasis (847 with concomitant PsA) and 3490 reference individuals. For patients with psoriasis having PsA, itch, skin pain, and/or joint pain was associated with worse general health. Use of opioids within 12 months was observed among 9.0% of the general population, 14.2% of patients with psoriasis without PsA, and 22.7% of patients with concomitant PsA. Of the symptoms, only joint pain was associated with use of analgesics (odds ratio, 3.72 (2.69-5.14); P < .0001).

LIMITATIONS: Cross-sectional design.

CONCLUSION: Patients with psoriasis (especially concomitant PsA) have a higher use of analgesics compared with the general population, which appears to be a result of increased joint pain.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Vol/bind86
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)590-597
Antal sider8
ISSN0190-9622
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2022

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
Dr Loft has been an honorary speaker for Eli Lilly and Janssen Cilag. Dr. Nguyen reports no potential conflicts of interest. Dr Kristensen has received fees for as a speaker and consultant for Pfizer, AbbVie, Amgen, Forward pharma, UCB, Gilead, Biogen, BMS, MSD, Novartis, Eli Lilly, and Janssen Pharmaceuticals. Dr Thyssen reports no relevant conflicts of interest. Dr Egeberg has received research funding from Pfizer, Eli Lilly , Novartis, AbbVie, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, the Danish National Psoriasis Foundation , the Simon Spies Foundation, and the Kgl Hofbundtmager Aage Bang Foundation , and honoraria as consultant and/or speaker from AbbVie, Almirall, Leo Pharma, Sun Pharmaceuticals, Galapagos NV, Samsung Bioepis Co, Ltd., Pfizer, Eli Lilly and Company, Novartis, Galderma, Dermavant, UCB, Mylan, Bristol-Myers Squibb, and Janssen Pharmaceuticals.

Funding Information:
Dr Loft has been an honorary speaker for Eli Lilly and Janssen Cilag. Dr. Nguyen reports no potential conflicts of interest. Dr Kristensen has received fees for as a speaker and consultant for Pfizer, AbbVie, Amgen, Forward pharma, UCB, Gilead, Biogen, BMS, MSD, Novartis, Eli Lilly, and Janssen Pharmaceuticals. Dr Thyssen reports no relevant conflicts of interest. Dr Egeberg has received research funding from Pfizer, Eli Lilly, Novartis, AbbVie, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, the Danish National Psoriasis Foundation, the Simon Spies Foundation, and the Kgl Hofbundtmager Aage Bang Foundation, and honoraria as consultant and/or speaker from AbbVie, Almirall, Leo Pharma, Sun Pharmaceuticals, Galapagos NV, Samsung Bioepis Co, Ltd., Pfizer, Eli Lilly and Company, Novartis, Galderma, Dermavant, UCB, Mylan, Bristol-Myers Squibb, and Janssen Pharmaceuticals. Funding sources: None.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc.

ID: 69204155