Differential satellite cell density of type I and II fibres with lifelong endurance running in old men

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Abstract

AIM: To investigate the influence of lifelong endurance running on the satellite cell pool of type I and type II fibres in healthy human skeletal muscle.

METHODS: Muscle biopsies were collected from 15 healthy old trained men (O-Tr) who had been running 43 ± 16 (mean ± SD) kilometres a week for 28 ± 9 years. Twelve age-matched untrained men (O-Un) and a group of young trained and young untrained men were recruited for comparison. Frozen sections were immunohistochemically stained for Pax7, type I myosin and laminin, from which fibre area, the number of satellite cells, and the relationship between these variables were determined.

RESULTS: In O-Un and O-Tr, type II fibres were smaller and contained fewer satellite cells than type I fibres. However, when expressed relative to fibre area, the difference in satellite cell content between fibre types was eliminated in O-Tr, but not O-Un. A strong positive relationship between fibre size and satellite cell content was detected in trained individuals. In line with a history of myofibre repair, a greater number of fibres with centrally located myonuclei were detected in O-Tr.

CONCLUSION: Lifelong endurance training (i) does not deplete the satellite cell pool and (ii) is associated with a similar density of satellite cells in type I and II fibres despite a failure to preserve the equal fibre type distribution of satellite cells observed in young individuals. Taken together, these data reveal a differential regulation of satellite cell content between fibre types, in young and old healthy men with dramatically different training histories.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa physiologica (Oxford, England)
Vol/bind210
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)612-27
Antal sider16
ISSN1748-1708
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2014

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