Different effects of whole milk and a fermented milk with the same fat and lactose content on gastric emptying and postprandial lipaemia, but not on glycaemic response and appetite

K M Sanggaard, J J Holst, J F Rehfeld, B Sandström, A Raben, T Tholstrup

Abstract

Longitudinal studies indicate that milk and fermented milk products lower basal plasma cholesterol concentrations, despite their high content of saturated fat, and therefore have favourable health effects. However, there have been few studies on the postprandial effects of milk products. The present study compared the effect of whole milk with a fermented milk, A-38, on postprandial carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, gastric emptying and appetite. Eight healthy young men participated. On the two test days, they arrived fasting for collection of baseline values before consuming the meals, which for a 75 kg subject consisted of 1.4 litre milk or fermented milk, plus 165 mg [13C]acetate (for later determination of gastric emptying by a [13C]acetate breath test). Lactose (15 g) was added to the A-38 meal to equalize the lactose content. Postprandially the A-38 meal resulted in a slower gastric emptying rate than milk (P<0.001). Furthermore, the A-38 meal resulted in a greater increase and a quicker decrease of the triacylglycerol content in all lipoprotein fractions (LDL-fraction, P<0.05; other fractions, P<0.001) and of the gastrointestinal hormones (cholecystokinin and peptide YY, P<0.05; gastric inhibitory polypeptide and glucagon-like polypeptide-1, P<0.001). There were no significant differences in appetite sensations (measured by visual analogue scale) or in the glucose and insulin response (P>0.10). The slower emptying rate of the liquid phase after the A-38 meal is probably due to the higher viscosity of A-38. The lower and more prolonged triacylglycerol response after the milk meal might be caused by coagulation of milk in the stomach.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe British journal of nutrition
Vol/bind92
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)447-59
Antal sider13
ISSN0007-1145
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2004
Udgivet eksterntJa

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