Diagnostics and Prevention of Occupational Allergy in Hairdressers

Wolfgang Uter*, Jeanne D. Johansen, Jelena Macan, Cara Symanzik, Swen M. John

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
4 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study aims to provide an overview on current knowledge on occupational allergic diseases in hairdressers and up-to-date perspectives of prevention.

RECENT FINDINGS: Hand eczema (dermatitis) is common in hairdressers, often caused by contact allergy to one or multiple small molecules (haptens) used, e.g., for dyeing, bleaching, and waving/relaxing or by ancillary substances such as preservatives. Hairdressers, compared to other patch-tested patients, have an up to fivefold increased risk to be found sensitized, e.g., against p-phenylenediamine, ammonium persulfate, and glyceryl thioglycolate. Some of these small molecules may induce respiratory sensitization causing allergic rhinitis and/or asthma, notably persulfate salts. Occupational hazards in hairdressing are well described. This knowledge needs to be put into use for risk reduction, mainly by substitution of allergenic ingredients by less allergenic ones, education, and use of ventilation and suitable single-use gloves.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCurrent Allergy and Asthma Reports
Vol/bind23
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)267-275
Antal sider9
ISSN1529-7322
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2023

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