Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Diabetes-related tuberculosis in Denmark: effect of ethnicity, diabetes duration and year of diagnosis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  1. A new health care index predicts short term mortality for TB and HIV co-infected people

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Management of patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. Tuberculosis case finding and mortality prediction: added value of the clinical TBscore and biomarker suPAR

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  4. Chronic bronchitis: so much more than just a smoker's cough

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  5. Can tuberculosis case finding among health-care seeking adults be improved? Observations from Bissau

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Vis graf over relationer

BACKGROUND: The association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and tuberculosis (TB) has been established on the basis of cross-sectional studies; however, only a few longitudinal studies have been conducted, with inconsistent results.

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of ethnicity and the presence and duration of DM on the risk of incident TB based on 15 years of follow-up of the entire Danish population.

DESIGN AND METHODS: Using Poisson regression analysis, we estimated TB incidence in individuals with DM vs. those without DM by linking nationwide DM and TB registers to the National Civil Register at case level.

RESULTS: The TB rate ratio was 1.9 in individuals with DM compared to non-DM individuals, regardless of country of birth, with the exception of African-born individuals (rate ratio 0.5). The risk decreased drastically within the first 2 years after the diagnosis of DM; no association was found with longer durations of DM. The risk also decreased the later the year of DM diagnosis.

CONCLUSIONS: The study confirmed DM as a risk factor for TB, except in the case of African-born individuals. Other non-DM risk factors for TB could act as effect-modifiers on the DM-TB association. Implementing earlier DM diagnosis and improving metabolic control may reduce the risk of DM-related TB.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Vol/bind19
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)1169-75
Antal sider7
ISSN1027-3719
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2015

ID: 46358849