Development of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in HIV Patients: A Danish Cohort Study (1983-2018) With American Validation (1999-2018)

Rahma Elmahdi, Gursimran S Kochhar, Aske T Iversen, Kristine H Allin, Parambir S Dulai, Aakash Desai, Tine Jess


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with several immune-mediated disorders. However, the risk of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in people living with HIV (PLWH) remains unclear. We aimed to assess the risk of IBD among PLWH using a nationwide, population-based Danish cohort and to validate findings in a large American insurance-based database.

METHODS: Using Danish registries (1983-2018), we identified 8995 PLWH and age- and sex-matched them to 449,750 HIV-negative individuals. Cox regression analysis was undertaken to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for IBD diagnosis. Results were stratified by sex, age, and year of HIV diagnosis. Using an American insurance-based cohort, Explorys (1999-2018), we assessed the prevalence odds ratio (OR) and 95% CI of IBD diagnosis in PLWH compared with HIV-negative individuals.

RESULTS: IBD diagnosis among PLWH in Denmark was increased (HR: 2.25, 95% CI: 1.78-2.83) compared with matched HIV-negative individuals. This was seen for both Crohn's disease (HR: 2.25, 95% CI: 1.47-3.44) and ulcerative colitis (HR: 2.24, 95% CI: 1.70-2.96) and in male (HR: 2.75, 95% CI: 2.15-3.52) but not female (HR: 0.93, 95% CI: 0.48-1.79) PLWH. Explorys analysis also showed an increased odds of IBD diagnoses among PLWH (OR: 1.41; 95% CI: 1.35-1.49).

CONCLUSION: This study finds an increased risk of IBD diagnosis among PLWH in both a Danish and US cohort, highlighting a need to consider IBD in PLWH with new-onset gastrointestinal symptoms. Further research into the role of antiretroviral therapy in this relationship is required.

TidsskriftGastro hep advances
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)1114-1121
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 2022


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