Deficiency of the cytoskeletal protein SPECC1L leads to oblique facial clefting

Irfan Saadi, Fowzan S Alkuraya, Stephen S Gisselbrecht, Wolfram Goessling, Resy Cavallesco, Annick Turbe-Doan, Aline L Petrin, James Harris, Ursela Siddiqui, Arthur W Grix, Hanne Buciek Hove, Philippe Leboulch, Thomas W Glover, Cynthia C Morton, Antonio Richieri-Costa, Jeffrey C Murray, Robert P Erickson, Richard L Maas

58 Citationer (Scopus)


Genetic mutations responsible for oblique facial clefts (ObFC), a unique class of facial malformations, are largely unknown. We show that loss-of-function mutations in SPECC1L are pathogenic for this human developmental disorder and that SPECC1L is a critical organizer of vertebrate facial morphogenesis. During murine embryogenesis, Specc1l is expressed in cell populations of the developing facial primordial, which proliferate and fuse to form the face. In zebrafish, knockdown of a SPECC1L homolog produces a faceless phenotype with loss of jaw and facial structures, and knockdown in Drosophila phenocopies mutants in the integrin signaling pathway that exhibit cell-migration and -adhesion defects. Furthermore, in mammalian cells, SPECC1L colocalizes with both tubulin and actin, and its deficiency results in defective actin-cytoskeleton reorganization, as well as abnormal cell adhesion and migration. Collectively, these data demonstrate that SPECC1L functions in actin-cytoskeleton reorganization and is required for proper facial morphogenesis.
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)44-55
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - 2011


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