Deep sternal wound infection after open heart surgery--reconstructive options

Alexander Andersen Juhl, Vibeke Koudahl, Tine Damsgaard

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The management of sternal defects arisen after deep sternal wound infection is challenging and often requires extensive interdisciplinary teamwork between plastic and thoracic surgeons. In this study, the published literature on methods used to reconstruct sternal defects arisen as a result of deep sternal wound infection after open-heart surgery will be reviewed.

DESIGN: The Cochrane, Embase, PubMed, and SveMed + databases were searched in December 2011. Only papers regarding treatment of deep sternal wound infection after open-heart surgery in adults were included.

RESULTS: The literature search identified 224 original papers that met the inclusion criteria. The majority dealt with surgical techniques. None of the studies regarding reconstructive options were designed as randomized controlled trials, and the levels of evidence are generally low.

CONCLUSION: The treatment of deep sternal wound infection has evolved considerably, but there is still little consensus regarding optimal surgical management and a general lack of a standard treatment protocol. The use of muscle flap transposition is well documented. Recent studies recommend the use of topical negative pressure therapy as an adjunct to surgical reconstruction.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian cardiovascular journal : SCJ
Vol/bind46
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)254-61
Antal sider8
ISSN1401-7431
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2012
Udgivet eksterntJa

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