Deep Sternal Wound Infection after Open-Heart Surgery: A 13-Year Single Institution Analysis

Alexander Andersen Juhl, Sofie Hody, Tina Senholt Videbaek, Tine Engberg Damsgaard, Per Hostrup Nielsen

Abstract

PURPOSE: The present study aimed to compare the clinical outcome for patients with or without muscle flap reconstruction after deep sternal wound infection due to open-heart surgery.

METHODS: The study was a retrospective cohort study, including patients who developed deep sternal wound infection after open-heart surgery in the Western Denmark Region from 1999 to 2011. Journals of included patients were reviewed for clinical data regarding the treatment of their sternal defect. Patients were divided into two groups depending on whether they received a muscle-flap-based sternal reconstruction or traditional rewiring of the sternum.

RESULTS: A total of 130 patients developed deep sternal wound infection in the study period. In all, 12 patients died before being discharged, leaving a total of 118 patients for analysis. Of these, 50 (42%) patients received muscle flap reconstruction. Muscle flap recipients had significantly longer total hospital stays (p <0.001). However, after receiving muscle flap reconstruction, patients were discharged after a median of 14 days, with 74% not needing additional surgery.

CONCLUSION: It is difficult to predict which patients eventually require muscle flap reconstruction after deep sternal wound infection. Although patients receiving muscle flap reconstructions have longer hospital stays, they are quickly discharged after the reconstruction.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftSeminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Vol/bind23
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)76-82
Antal sider7
ISSN1043-0679
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 20 apr. 2017
Udgivet eksterntJa

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