De første danske erfaringer med neonatal ekstrakorporal membranoxygenering

Mette Arrøe*, Lene Brage, Anne Marie Kjersem, Kåre M.Sander Jensen, Ole A. Pryds, Gorm Greisen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde


In 1995, neonatal extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was established at the Department of Neonatology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen. The indication for ECMO is circulatory or respiratory failure with arterial oxygen tension below 8 kPa despite maximal conventional treatment. During the first two and a half years 17 newborn infants and one child of 21 months have been treated with ECMO at the Rigshospital. Fifteen survived, of 12 followed at least nine months, 11 have normal development and one has cerebral palsy. There were problems including surgical placement of the cannula, technical difficulties or bleeding in 12 patients. During the same two years at least eight newborns in Denmark fulfilled the ECMO indication, but were not treated, half were not transferred to the Rigshospital. Seven of these eight infants died. The need for ECMO treatment in newborn infants is documented but small. We have succeeded in establishing this complicated treatment due to teamwork between different specialities with a good result.

TidsskriftUgeskrift for Laeger
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)1585-1589
Antal sider5
StatusUdgivet - 15 mar. 1999