Days alive and out of hospital after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery wedge resection in the era of enhanced recovery

Lin Huang, Mikkel Nicklas Frandsen, Henrik Kehlet, René Horsleben Petersen*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Days alive and out of hospital is proposed as a valid and patient-centred quality measure for perioperative care. However, no procedure-specific data exist after pulmonary wedge resection. The aim of this study was to assess the first 90 days alive and out of hospital after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery wedge resection in an optimized enhanced recovery programme.

METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of consecutive patients undergoing enhanced recovery thoracoscopic wedge resections from January 2021 to June 2022 in a high-volume centre was carried out. All factors leading to hospitalization, readmission, and death were evaluated individually. A logistic regression model was used to evaluate predictors. Additionally, a sensitivity analysis was performed.

RESULTS: A total of 433 patients were included (21.7% (n = 94) with non-small cell lung cancer, 47.6% (n = 206) with metastasis, 26.8% (n = 116) with benign nodules, and 3.9% (n = 17) with other lung cancers). The median duration of hospital stay was 1 day. The median of postoperative 30 and 90 days alive and out of hospital was 28 and 88 days respectively. Air leak (112 patients) and pain (96 patients) were the most frequent reasons for reduced days alive and out of hospital from postoperative day 1 to 30, whereas treatment of the original cancer or metastasis (36 patients) was the most frequent reason for reduced days alive and out of hospital from postoperative day 31 to 90. Male sex, reduced lung function, longer dimension of resection margin, pleural adhesions, and non-small cell lung cancer were independent risks, confirmed by a sensitivity analysis.

CONCLUSION: Days alive and out of hospital within 90 days after enhanced recovery thoracoscopic wedge resection was only reduced by a median of 2 days, mainly due to air leak and pain.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummerzrad144
TidsskriftBJS open
Vol/bind7
Udgave nummer6
ISSN2474-9842
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 nov. 2023

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